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Dantyarishtam is an Ayurvedic medicine which is prescribed in the management of constipation, piles and fistula. It is a herbal liquid medicine based on Asava Arishtha principle of Ayurveda.
Asava and Arishtha are Ayurvedic medicines prepared by fermentation. These are medicated spirituous liquors. Fermentation generates alcohol which in turn extracts the active constituent of medicinal herbs. The self-generated alcohol also helps in better and rapid absorption of the drug in the body. All Asava and Arishtha possess common property of being stomachic, stimulant, astringent and tonic.
The chief ingredient of Dantyarishta is Danti Mula or roots of Jangli Jamalgota possessing purgative properties. The other ingredients include Chitrak, Dasmool and Triphala and old gud. This medicine promotes appetite and digestion. Dantyarishta is useful in anemia or low hemoglobin level, bleeding piles, constipation, worms and obesity.
Dantyarishta is mentioned in Sushruta Samhita for the treatment of bleeding piles. This medicine is said to be beneficial in cases of hemorrhoids, chronic diarrhea (Grahani), jaundice, obstinate constipation of the bowels (Udavartta) and in an aversion to food. It is also a good stomachic agent.
Here is given more about this medicine, such as benefits, indication/therapeutic uses, composition, and dosage.
- Manufacturer: Classical Medicine manufactured by many pharmacies.
- Nature of Product: Self-generated alcoholic preparation
- Reference Text: Shushrut Samhita
- Synonym: Dantyarishtam
- Availability: Online and at medical stores
- Type of medicine: Classical Medicine
- Main Indication: Piles
- Kaphahara: Pacifies Kapha Dosha
- Vatahara: Pacifies Vata Dosha
- Pittavardhak: Increases Pitta Dosha
Ingredients of Dantyarishta
- Danti (Croton polyandrum)Baliospermum montanum Roots 8 Tola
- Chitrak Plumbago Zeylanica 8 Tola
- Dashmula 8 tolas of each of the roots and Triphala 8 tolas of each of the three myrobalans
Preparation of Dantyarishta as mentioned in Classical Text
Danti mula, Dashmula and Chitrak should be pounded together and then boiled in 64 seers of water. While the boiling is going on, Three myrobalans reduced to paste on a curry-stone should be thrown into the vessel which should be taken down when 16 seers remain. Straining the decoction through a piece of clean cloth, twelve and a half seers of old treacle should be added. The product should then be kept for 15 days in a vessel which has soaked a sufficient quantity of ghee.
Know the Ingredients
Danti Baliospermum montanum: Danti or Nagdanti refers to roots of the plant Baliospermum montanum, found throughout the sub-Himalayan tracts from Kashmir to Khasi Hills, West Bengal, Bihar and Central and Peninsular India.
The roots are used in Ayurveda for abdominal pain, constipation, calculus, general anasarca, piles, helminthic manifestations, scabies, skin disorders, suppurative ulcers and diseases caused by the vitiation of Kapha and pitta.
Danti Roots contain diterpenes, baliospermin, montanin, phorbol-12-deoxy-13-O-palmitate, phorbol-12-deoxy-16-hydroxy-13-O-palmitate and phorbol-12-deoxy-5b-hydroxy-13 –myristate. The roots are acrid, thermogenic, purgative, anti-inflammatory, anodyne, digestive, anthelmintic, diuretic, diaphoretic, rubefacient, febrifuge and tonic.
Danti is used for the skin diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, colic, constipation, worms, piles, leprosy, enlargement of the spleen, dropsy, edema, jaundice and stomach disorders.
Chitraka, Plumbago zeylanica is a large perennial sub-scandent medicinal shrub, found throughout India. Its Sanskrit synonyms are Agni, Vahni, Jvalanakhya, Krishanu, Huasha, Dahana, Hutabhuk and Sikha. Chitrak roots / Chitramoolam is hot in potency. It has anti-inflammatory, digestive, appetite stimulating, Kapha-har, Vata-har and pain releiving property. Chitrak reduces vata and kapha and increases pitta. The main therapeutic use of the roots are colitis, indigestion, hemorrhoids, diarrhea, gas, intestinal parasites, digestive weakness, malabsorption syndrome, abdominal pain and swelling of anus.
Chitrak has Abortifacient, Antibacterial, Antifertility, Anti-implantation, Antiseptic, Digestive, Diuretic and Laxative properties.
Dashmula is a combination of ten roots (Bilva, Agnimantha, Gambhari, Shyonak, Patala and Shalparni, Prishniparni, Brihati, Kantkari, Gokhru). It is extensively used in Ayurveda for the treatment of a variety of diseases including inflammation. It has significant antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. Dashmoola have a balancing action on Kapha, Pitta and Vata doshas, and useful especially for Vata-vikar. Its intake reduces inflammation and pain.
Triphala is a combination of Amalaki, Bibhitaki, and Haritaki and used extensively in Ayurveda for the treatment of digestive diseases. It is a tonic for the whole body. It is being used in various gastric disorders including intestinal inflammation. It contains vitamin C, linoleic oil, phospholipids and other important nutrients. It is a rich source of tannins, which is known to affect the integrity of mucus membrane. Tannins with their protein precipitating and vasoconstriction effects could be advantageous in preventing ulcer development. It is a Rasayana drug and used for detoxifying and tonifying the body.
Triphala pacifies Vata-vikar and cleanses the digestive tract. It aid to elimination and purification. It tones and strengthens the digestive tract and promote regular and complete the evacuation of the bowels. It helps with the digestion and assimilation of food, improves blood circulation and has anti-inflammatory properties.
- Alterative: Alter favorably the course of an ailment
- Anodyne: Relieves pain without causing loss of consciousness.
- Anti-inflammatory: Reducing inflammation by acting on body mechanisms.
- Antioxidant: Neutralize the oxidant effect of free radicals and other substances.
- Appetizer: Improves appetite.
- Carminative: Preventing the formation or causing the expulsion of flatulence.
- Laxative: Tending to stimulate or facilitate the evacuation of the bowels.
- Purgative: Strongly laxative in effect.
Ayurvedic Action / Karma
Shothahar: Removes inflammation.
Important Therapeutic Uses of Dantyarishta
- Agnimandya (digestive impairment)
- Aversion to food
- Bleeding piles
- Chronic constipation
- Chronic diarrhea (grahani)
- Diseases of the liver
- Diseases of the spleen
- Flatulence, bloating
- Obstinate constipation of the bowels (udavartta)
The Dosage of Dantyarishta
- It is Asava-Arishta type of medicine of Ayurveda.
- It is taken in a dose of 12 ml to 24 ml ONCE or TWICE daily.
- It is taken after mixing with an equal amount of water.
- It can be taken after having breakfast and dinner.
- Or should be taken as directed by a doctor.
Suggestions, Contraindications, Interactions, Side-effects, and Warnings
The exact dosedepends on the age, strength, digestive power of the patient, the nature of the illness, the state of the viscera and humours, and the properties of individual drugs.
- This medicine should be given according to the strength of the patient, symptoms and vitiation of Dosha.
- This medicine is more suitable for people with aggravated Vata and Kapha Dosha.
- People suffering from Pitta roga, hyperacidity, bleeding disorders and ulcers should take it cautiously.
It is hot in nature, so should be used with caution in summer and by hot temperament individuals and menstruating women. Due to same reason, do not take if suffering from hyperacidity, gastritis, ulcerative colitis, ulcers, burning sensation in stomach, excessive Pitta or any other Pitta roga.
- It has purgative effect and hence do not use in pregnancy.
- It contains jaggery hence it is not suitable for diabetic person.
- It contains about 5 to 10% of self-generated alcohol.
Effectivity of herbal medicine depends on many factors. A medicine suitable for one person may not essentially give the same result in another person.
Always take in recommended doses. Higher dose may cause loose motions, colic, burning sensation, gastric discomfort and abdominal pain.
- Keep away from the sight and reach of children.
- It should not be used if tissues are inflamed.
- Chitrak has anti-fertility effect.
Though this medicine is considered safe, if you feel any side-effect such as burning sensation, increased dryness, frequent motion or this medicine does not suit you, please discontinue.