Dysentery (Amebiasis) information and treatment

Know what is dysentery and how to treat it. What are the symptoms of dysentery and how can dysentery be cured with Ayurvedic medicines. Know which are the drugs used to treat dysentery.

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Dysentery is a disease that spreads through Entamoeba histolica. This is an intestinal infection. Entamoeba histolica is found in large intestines. In some cases, it attacks the colon wall, causing colitis, acute dysentery, or chronic (chronic) diarrhea. In rare cases, the infection can spread to the liver, lungs, brain, or other organs from the bloodstream.

Dysentery (amoebiasis) is a disease caused by dirty eating, drinking, and poor hygiene. This causes the infected person to have loose motion, abdominal pain, cramps, etc. An amoebic dysentery is a severe form in which fever, blood-mixed amoebic diarrhea, and abdominal pain occur. Symptoms from an infection may manifest immediately or a few weeks later.

Dysentery is found throughout the world and is more common in hot and humid parts of the world. Countries like India, Africa, South America, etc. are more affected by it.

Alternative Names

Amebic dysentery, Intestinal amebiasis, Amebic colitis, Diarrhea – amebiasis

Amebiasis is an infection caused by the protozoa organism Entamoeba histolytica. E histolytica can cause colitis and other extraintestinal manifestations, including liver abscess (most common) and pleuropulmonary, cardiac, and cerebral dissemination. E histolytica is transmitted primarily through the fecal-oral route. Infective cysts can be found in fecally contaminated food and water supplies and contaminated hands of food handlers. Sexual transmission is possible, especially in the setting of oral-anal practices.

What is dysentery

Amoebiasis is a disease caused by the one-celled parasite Entamoeba histolytica.

Who can have dysentery (amoebiasis)?

  1. Anyone can get this disease. It is more likely to occur in tropical areas.

Risk factors for this include:

  1. Bad hygiene
  2. People from tropical countries
  3. In men who have sex with men.

How can one get infected with Entamoeba histolytica?

Entamoeba histolytica is mostly caused by contaminated food and water.

This infection can occur if you do not wash your hands by touching the contaminated area and eat something with the same hand.

What are the symptoms of dysentery?

1 in 10 people infected with E. histolytica become ill with an infection. People who become ill usually develop symptoms within 2 to 4 weeks, although this can sometimes take longer.

Symptoms are often mild and include

  1. Abdominal cramps Abdominal cramps
  2. Diarrhea passage of 3 to 8 semiformed stools per day, or passage of soft stools with mucus and occasional blood
  3. Bloody stools containing dysentery, water-thin stool containing blood
  4. Vomiting vomiting
  5. Fatigue Fatigue
  6. Gas Excessive gas
  7. Rectal pain while having a bowel movement (tenesmus)
  8. Weight Loss Unintentional weight loss

Abdominal pain, bloody stool (fever), and fever are a serious form of amebiasis.

In some minor cases, it has spread to other parts of the body such as the lungs or brain but is very uncommon.

How is dysentery (amoebiasis) diagnosed?

Diagnosis of amoebiasis can be very difficult because other parasites and cells of E. histolytica may look similar under the microscope. Therefore, people are sometimes told that they are infected with E. histolytica, although they do not have this infection.

For this one can be asked for a stool test. Because E. histolytica is not always found in every stool sample, many stool tests can be asked for several different days.

How is dysentery (amoebiasis) diagnosed?

Diagnosis of amoebiasis can be very difficult because other parasites and cells of E. histolytica may look similar under the microscope. Therefore, people are sometimes told that they are infected with E. histolytica, although they do not have this infection.

For this one can be asked for a stool test. Because E. histolytica is not always found in every stool sample, many stool tests can be asked for several different days.

Blood tests are also available but are only done when the doctor feels that the infection may spread to some other parts of your body such as bowel, liver, etc.

Medication can also be given based on these symptoms:

  1. Bloody diarrhea Gradual onset of bloody diarrhea
  2. Abdominal pain with abdominal cramps
  3. Fever fever
  4. Rectal bleeding without diarrhea can occur without diarrhea, especially in children
  5. Colitis, usually severe bloody diarrhea necrotizing colitis usually manifests as severe bloody diarrhea and diffuse
  6. Abdominal pain with evidence of peritonitis and fever abdominal pain with evidence of peritonitis and fever

How is amoebiasis treated?

Several antibiotics are available for the treatment of amoebiasis.

If the infection with E. histolytica has not made you ill, you are treated with only one antibiotic.

But if you become ill with this infection, you are treated with two antibiotics.

Dysentery allopathic medicine

Metronidazole

Adult: 400 – 800mg, 8 hourly for 5- 10 days।

Children (below 10 years: 35 – 50mg/kg/d in 3 divided doses)

  1. 1-3 years: 100-200mg 8 hourly for 5 – 10 days
  2. 3-7 years 100-200mg 6 hourly for 5 -10 days
  3. 7- 10 years200-400mg 8 hourly for 5 -10 days

Take the medicine with food.

Dysentery Ayurvedic medicine

  1. Baidyanath amoebica
  2. Baidyanath Issabael H
  3. Kutaj Ghan Vati Do not eat un-cooked food.
  4. Kutjavaleh
  5. Pytho Pharma Mebarid

Take care of the following with dysentery drugs

  1. Do not let the water shortage. Do not drink cold water.
  2. Keep drinking water for a while.
  3. Drink coconut water.
  4. Eat thin moong dal khichdi in food, while adding some garlic to it and after cooking, add celery and garlic tempering.

How to avoid amoebiasis prevention?

  1. Drink bottled water if you want to drink water outside.
  2. Do not eat roadside food etc.
  3. Do not drink dirty water
  4. Wash hands thoroughly after using a public toilet.
  5. Be sure to wash your hands thoroughly before and after eating.
  6. While traveling, try to eat only homemade food.
  7. Good hygiene, clean water, and eating can prevent stomach diseases.

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