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Boron is trace mineral which is required by human body for proper functioning. Boron can directly affect utilisation and metabolism of other macronutrients (including calcium, copper, magnesium), glucose, triglycerides, reactive oxygen and oestrogen inside body.
This trace element can affect function of brain, immune system, reproductive system and skeletal system or bones. Boron helps body to absorb calcium, minerals and thus helps in stronger and healthy bones.
It does not accumulates inside body. When taken inside body it gets absorbed in soft tissues and then gets excreted with urine.
The main source of boron in our diet is vegetables, nuts, fresh fruits etc. So a person can not suffer from its deficiency until on some specific or restricted diet.
In such cases deficiency can cause following conditions.
- Boron deficiency may lead to Kashin-Beck disease (KBD), a musculoskeletal deficiency, which may cause severe joint deformity.
- Boron deficiency can lead to osteoporosis.
- Boron deficiency can also affect brain function and cognitive performance in healthy humans.
- Boron deficiency can result in reduced growth rate and decreased blood steroid hormone levels.
Why we require Boron in our body
Boron required for utilisation and metabolism calcium and magnesium.
Boron interacts with the metabolism of calcium, reducing its rate of excretion and increasing serum levels.
Boron helps to give relief in arthritis, rheumatism and joint pain as it has analgesic and pain relieving properties.
Boron reduces loss of calcium, phosphorous and magnesium from body.
Boron reduces postmenopausal bone loss in women. A daily inatke 3-5 mg per day ensures prevention of osteoporosis.
Sources of Boron
Nuts, Raisins, Prunes, Fresh fruits, Vegetables, Green vegetables
Also in food supplements and multivitamins.
Boron daily requirement
According to World Health Organisation (WHO) acceptable range of intake is 1-13 mg boron/day for adults.