Colocynth or Bitter apple is an annual or perennial creeper growing wild in the warm, arid and sandy tracts of North West, Central and Southern parts of the India. Colocynth is, in moderate doses is drastic, hydrogogue, cathartic and diuretic. In small doses, it is expectorant and alterative. Colocynthin is a cathartic and intensely bitter principle. It has a purgative action. All parts of the plant are very bitter. The fruit has been described as cathartic.
- Latin name: Citrullus colocynthis (Linn. ) Schrader. syn. Cucumis colocynthis Linn
- Family: Cucurbitaceae
- Ayurvedic: Indravaaruni, Indravalli, Indravaarunikaa, Gavaakshi, Chitraa, Chitraphalaa, Indraasuri, Mrigaani, Mrigairvaaru,
- Vishaalaa, Vishaalyka, Indraayana, Aindri
English: Colocynth, Bitter apple
Hindi: Badi indrayan, Makkal
Malyalam: Kattu Vellarikkai, Valiya Pekkummatti
Telgu: Chedupuchcha, Peikummatti
Medicinal uses of bitter apple
Externally apply fruit pulp at affected area.
Wash to clean roots of herb. Then extract its juice by crushing and adding water. Apply externally at affected areas.
Take its fruit juice (150 ml), add (1/4 teaspoon each) of hing, ajwain, elaichi, rock salt. Mix this juice (1/4 tsp) in lukewarm water and drink.
Prepare pills by grinding Piper longum and Roots of citrullus colocynthis in eqaul quantities. Dry in sun. Take one pill with water.
Breast inflammation, joint pain
Apply paste of root on affected area.
Cough, intestinal worm
Wash and dry roots of herb. Grind to make powder. Add thus prepared churna (one pinch) in hot water and drink.
Dosage of bitter apple
The safe dosage of this herb, dried fruit 125-500 mg powder, root: 1-3 gm powder
Side effects of bitter apple
In large doses it can cause stomach problems, It is emetic and gastro-intestinal irritant.