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In anemia, less blood does not lead to adequate oxygen in the rest of your body. To make hemoglobin, your body needs iron, hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that gives the red color to the blood. It carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Iron deficiency in anemia can cause a person to feel tired, cold, dizzy, and irritable, breathing can be reduced or headache.
Iron is an important and very essential mineral found in our bodies. It affects our entire body. It is found in every cell of human and for brain, immunity, skin, hair, temperature, metabolism, functionality it is essential to do the right thing. Our body cannot make iron and the only means of supplying it is the food that we eat.
Iron deficiency in the body is called iron deficiency anemia in medical language. This is different from another type of anemia like sickle cell anemia. Sickle cell anemia or sickle-cell anemia or a genetic blood disorder in which red blood cells are shaped by discs and not flexible and resemble sickle. Red blood cells (RBC) are rigid and sticky.
Normal red blood cells, which are flexible and round, easily move through blood vessels. But in sickle cell anemia, the hard, sticky and irregular sizes of red blood cells can cause them to get stuck in small blood vessels, which can slow down or block blood flow that can stop the supply of oxygen to some parts of the body. No treatment of sickle cell anemia is available. However, the treatment of complications of the disease and anemia can reduce the symptoms and complications of the disease in patients.
Causes Of Anemia
There are three main causes of anemia: blood loss, lack of red blood cell production, and high rates of destruction of the red blood cell.
- Loss of blood
- Lack of red blood cell production lack of red blood cell production
- A high rate of red blood cell destruction high rates of red blood cell destruction
- Heavy periods of blood in periods
- Colon polyps or colon cancer
- Coming from Jeans Inherited disorders
- A diet that does not have enough iron, folic acid or vitamin B12
- Blood disorders such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia, or cancer
- Aplastic anemia, a condition that can be inherited or acquired Aplastic anemia, a condition that can be inherited or acquired
- G6PD deficiency, a metabolic disorder
What is Iron Deficiency Anemia?
Iron deficiency in the body is called iron deficiency anemia or anemia. It is also called anemia in common language.
It is a condition in which the body does not produce a sufficient amount of healthy red blood cells as there is a lack of iron needed to make it. Through red blood cells, the oxygen required to function properly of every cell throughout the body is sent.
Without iron, our bodies cannot function properly. The body creates proteins called hemoglobin and hemoglobin using an iron that help bring and store oxygen in the body through red blood cells and muscles.
Iron is also part of many other proteins and molecules that ensure good health. If you do not have enough iron in your body, the brain does not function properly, an irregular heartbeat can occur and immunity can also be reduced.
So iron deficiency also reduces oxygen in your body, which also reduces your ability to think, remember and focus. Lack of oxygen also slows down metabolism so that you can also have obesity.
Iron deficiency anemia is the most common form of anemia. This is due to not having enough iron in the body.
If you are not eating enough iron, losing more blood than intake, having trouble absorbing iron in the body or you normally need more iron (i.e. during pregnancy or lactation) then you may be anemic.
Symptoms of anemia
Many of us are anemic and have no symptoms whatsoever. If you have symptoms of experience, they are usually mild at first and develop slowly.
The most common symptoms are fatigue, nervousness, headache or focusing problems than usual, the blue appearance of white eyes, brittle nails, yellow color, shortness of breath or tongue pain, etc.
- Pale Skin
- Chest Pain
- Exhaustion fatigue
- Shortness of breath difficulty
- Coldness in the hands and feet
Mild to moderate anemia can cause very mild symptoms or none. These are symptoms because your heart has to do more to pump oxygen-rich blood into the body.
Heartbeat arrhythmias of anemia sufferers may be irregular which can cause damage to your heart. Anemia can damage other organs in the body as your blood is not getting enough oxygen.
Anemia can cause many other health problems. People who have kidney disease and have anemia are more likely to have heart problems. With some types of anemia, very little fluid intake or too much loss of fluid in the blood and body can occur.
Diagnosis of Anemia
Doctors diagnose anemia based on your medical and family history, physical examination and results of tests and procedures. Anemia does not always cause symptoms, so it can be detected during any further investigation.
- For acute or irregular heartbeat
- Listening to the lungs for fast or normal breathing
- Feeling the stomach to check the size of the liver and spleen
Complete Blood Count
Often, the first test to diagnose anemia is the complete blood count (CBC). CBC measures many parts of your blood.
This test examines your hemoglobin and hematocrit levels. Hemoglobin red blood cells contain iron-rich proteins that give oxygen to the body. Hematocrit shows how much space red blood cells take in the blood. Low levels of hemoglobin or hematocrit are a sign of anemia.
CBC also checks the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets in your blood.
Pisces Corpsular Volume (MCV) mean corpuscular volume (MCV) is seen from CBC. MCV sees the average size of red blood cells. It can explain the cause of anemia such as iron or iron deficiency, red blood cells in anemia are usually smaller than normal.
Treatment for anemia depends on the condition, cause, and severity of the condition. Treatment may include dietary changes or supplements, medications, procedures or surgeries to treat blood loss.
The goal of treatment is to increase the amount of oxygen and it is to count the red blood cell and/or the red blood cell. Or hemoglobin levels are increased. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein in red blood cells that gives oxygen to the body.
Dietary changes and dietary supplements
A good diet can prevent anemia from iron or iron deficiency.
Intake of iron-rich diet
Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin your body can absorb iron more easily from meat, vegetables or other foods.
Foods with good iron sources include:
- Spinach and other dark green leafy vegetables
- Peas, lentil dal, white, red and baked beans, soybean and chickpeas, greens and baked beans, soybean and chickpeas
- Dried fruits, such as dried fruits, and dried fruits, such as prunes, raisins, and apricots
- Prune juice
- Fortified Diet Iron-fortified cereals and bread
You can see the label of nutritional facts on packaged foods as to how much iron is in these items as a percentage of the total amount of iron every day.
Iron is available as a supplement. It is usually mixed with multivitamins and other minerals that help your body absorb iron.
To increase vitamin or iron levels, your doctor may ask you to change your diet or take vitamin or iron supplements.
Vitamin B12 and folic acid (folate) can help in this.
Vitamin C is sometimes given to help the body absorb iron.
Low levels of vitamin B12 can cause anemia. This type of anemia is often treated with vitamin B12 supplements.
Good food sources of vitamin B12 include:
- Eggs and dairy products (e.g. milk, yogurt, and cheese)
- Soy-Based Beverages
- Vitamin B12 Fortified Foods
- Folic acid
Folic acid (folate) is a form of vitamin B found in foods. Your body needs folic acid to create and maintain new cells. Folic acid is also very important for pregnant women thereby preventing them from anemia and promoting the healthy development of the fetus.
Good sources of folic acid include:
- Bread, pasta, and rice fortified foods
- Spinach and other dark green leafy vegetables
- Dried Beans
- Bananas, orange, orange juice, and some other fruits and juices
- Vitamin C
Vitamin C helps the body to absorb iron good sources of vitamin C are vegetables and fruits, especially citrus fruits include oranges, grapes, and similar fruits. Fresh fruits, vegetables, and usually have more vitamin C than canned ones.
Other fruits rich in vitamin C include kiwi fruits, strawberries.
Vegetables rich in vitamin C include green and spinach such as broccoli, chili, Brussels sprouts, tomatoes, cabbage, potatoes, and green vegetables.
Here you can read about Ayurvedic medicines to treat anemia
Prevention of Iron deficiency anemia
Supplements can relieve anemia from the intake of Feronia Xt, Tonoferon, Dexorange. You can prevent dietary changes or supplements from having such anemia again.
Treating the underlying cause of anemia can prevent the condition (or prevent repeating episodes) for example, if the drug is causing your anemia, your doctor may prescribe another type of medication.
Anemia is the most common blood disorder affecting red blood cells and hemoglobin (protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body).