Diabetes, also called sugar disease, is a disease that occurs when your blood sugar, also known as blood sugar, becomes very high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the foods you eat. Insulin, a hormone created by the pancreas, helps to use glucose for energy. Sometimes your body does not make enough or no insulin or does not use insulin properly, then glucose stays in your bloodstream and does not reach your cells.
Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems. Although there is no cure for diabetes, there are steps you can take to manage your diabetes and stay healthy.
Sometimes people call diabetes “the touch of sugar” or “borderline diabetes”. These rules state that no one has actually had diabetes or has a less serious case, but the disease of sugar is serious.
Types of diabetes?
The most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
If you have type 1 diabetes means your body does not make any insulin. Your immune system destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in children and young adults, although it can occur at any age. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to survive.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body is not able to use insulin well or is not able to make it. You can have type 2 diabetes in childhood, at any age. However, this type of sugar disease is most common in older people. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.
Gestational diabetes develops in some women when they are pregnant. Most of the time, this type of sugar disease goes away after the child is born. However, if you have gestational diabetes, there is a more chance of you developing type 2 diabetes later in your life. Sometimes diabetes detected during pregnancy is actually typed 2 diabetes.
Other types of diabetes
Less found diabetes includes monogenic diabetes, which is a genetic form of diabetes, and sugar disease related to cystic fibrosis.
Who is more likely to have type 2 diabetes?
You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, have a family history of diabetes, or be overweight if you are 45 years of age or older. Physical inactivity, race, and some health problems such as high blood pressure also increase the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. If you have gestational diabetes or you are pre-diabetic, you may have type-2 diabetes.
Can people with diabetes have health problems?
Over time, high blood sugar gives rise to the following problems:
- Heart disease
- Kidney disease
- Eye problems
- Dental disease
- Nerve damage
- Foot problems
You can take steps to reduce the chances of developing health problems related to these sugar diseases.