Table of Contents
- 1 How to manage diabetes?
- 2 Follow Planned Meal in the diet to treat sugar disease
- 3 Add physical activity (exercise) in your daily routine to treat Diabetes
- 4 Take your medicine for diabetes treatment
- 5 Check your blood sugar levels Regularly for diabetes treatment
- 6 What is continuous glucose monitoring?
- 7 What are the suggested targets for blood glucose levels?
- 8 When to check ketone
- 9 How to treat sugar disease in a healthy way
If you have diabetes, you can manage it by proper treatment and care of yourself every day and you can live a long and healthy life.
Diabetes can affect almost every part of your body therefore, you need to control blood sugar levels, as well as control your blood pressure and cholesterol, which can help you prevent health problems when you have diabetes.
How to manage diabetes?
With the help of your doctor, you can plan a self-care for your diabetes management (treating sugar disease). Your own care plan may include these steps:
Knowing about your diabetic ABCs will help you manage your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol. If you smoke, stopping smoking will also help to control your diabetes. You can reduce the likelihood of heart attack, stroke, or other diabetic problems by working toward ABCs goals.
A means HBA1C test
The A1C test indicates your average blood sugar levels over the last 3 months. A1C targets less than 7 percent for many people with diabetes. Ask your doctor what your goal should be.
B means blood pressure
The blood pressure target for most people with diabetes is below 140/90 mm Hg. Ask the doctor how much your goal should be.
C means cholesterol
Your blood has two types of cholesterol: LDL and HDL can block your blood vessels by accumulating LDL or “bad” cholesterol. Very bad cholesterol can cause a heart attack or stroke. HDL or “good” cholesterol helps to remove “bad” cholesterol from your blood vessels.
Ask your health care team how much cholesterol should be in your anatomy. If you are over 40 years of age, you may need to take a statin medication for cardiovascular health.
S means to stop smoking
Not smoking is especially important for people with diabetes because blood vessels shrink due to both smoking and diabetes. The shrinking of the blood vessel makes your heart work more. E-cigarettes are also not a safe option.
If you quit smoking you will have the following benefits
- You will have reduced the risk of heart attack, stroke, nerve disease, kidney disease, diabetes, and eye
- Your cholesterol and blood pressure levels may improve
- Your blood circulation will improve
- You’ll have it easy to be physically active
Follow Planned Meal in the diet to treat sugar disease
Plan meals for diabetes (blood sugar) with assistance from your doctor, following the meal plan, will help you manage your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol.
Select fruits and vegetables, beans, whole grains, skinless chicken, fish, lean meats, and nonfat or low-fat milk and cheese. Drink water instead of sugar-sweetened beverages, choose fewer calories, saturated fats, trans fats, sugar, and salty foods.
Add physical activity (exercise) in your daily routine to treat Diabetes
Try to be more active physically. Do physical exercise at least 30 minutes a day, and be more and more active.
There are good ways to become active like walk fast and keep swimming. If you are not yet active, ask your doctor how much and what physiological activity you should do.
Getting your meal plan and more activity can help you lose weight or stay healthy. If you are overweight or obese, talk to yourself about how you can lose weight.
Take your medicine for diabetes treatment
Take medications to treat sugar disease and any other health problems, even if you have controlled your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol. These medicines help in the management of your ABCs. Ask your doctor if you need to take aspirin to prevent a heart attack or stroke. Tell your doctor if you cannot buy medicines or if you have any side effects from your medicines.
Check your blood sugar levels Regularly for diabetes treatment
For many people with diabetes, checking their blood sugar levels every day is an important way to control diabetes. It is most important to monitor your blood glucose level if you take insulin. Monitoring blood sugar will help in making decisions about food, physical activity, and medications.
A blood glucose meter is the best way to check your blood sugar levels at home. You get a drop of blood from a slight cut on the edge of your fingers with a lancet. Then you put blood on a test bar meter will show you how much glucose is in your blood at this time.
Ask your doctor how often you should check your blood sugar levels. Keep a record of your blood glucose. When you visit your doctor, take these records with you.
What is continuous glucose monitoring?
Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is another way to check your glucose levels. Most CGM systems use a small sensor that has to be put under your skin. The sensor measures glucose levels in liquids between your body’s cells at intervals of a few minutes and can show changes in your glucose levels day and night. If the CGM system shows that your glucose is too high or too low, you should look at your glucose from the blood glucose meter before making any changes to your food plan, physical activity, or medicines. The CGM system is especially useful for those who use insulin and have low blood glucose problems.
What are the suggested targets for blood glucose levels?
Many people with diabetes aim to maintain their blood sugar at these normal levels:
- Before eating: 80 to 130 mg/Dl
- About 2 hours after starting meals: 180 mg/DL
Talk about the best limit for yourself with your doctor. Be sure to tell your health care professional if your glucose level is often above or below your target range.
What happens if my blood glucose level is too low?
Sometimes blood sugar levels fall far below normal, called hypoglycemia For most people with diabetes, blood glucose levels range from very low to 70 mg/70 mg/100 mg tablet. This occurs when less than DL.
Hypoglycemia can pose a life-threatening and requires immediate treatment.
What happens if my blood sugar levels are too high?
The doctor calls high blood glucose hyperglycemia( hyperglycemia).
The following symptoms are that your blood sugar levels are too high:
- Be very thirsty
- blurred vision
- Tired or weakness
- Frequent urination
If you often have high blood glucose levels or high blood sugar symptoms, talk to your doctor. You may need a change in your diabetes meal plan, physical activity plan, or medicines.
When to check ketone
Your doctor may check your urine if you have a symptom of diabetic ketoacidosis. When ketone levels are too high, it can be very deadly for you. Its symptoms include
- Difficulty breathing
- Nausea or vomiting
- Pain in your stomach
- A lot of exhaustion or sleepiness
- Ketoxidasis often occurs to people with type 1 diabetes.
How to treat sugar disease in a healthy way
When you get diabetes, stress, depressed or angry is common, stress can increase your blood sugar levels, but you can learn how to reduce your stress. Try deep breathing, gardening, walking, doing yoga, meditating, or listening to your favorite music.
Depression is normal in people with long-term illnesses. Depression can occur in view of your efforts to treat your sugar disease. If you feel low you can feel better by a mental health counselor, support group, friend, or family member who will listen to your feelings.
Try sleeping 7 to 8 hours each night Getting enough sleep improves your mood and energy levels You can take steps to improve your sleeping habits. If you often feel sleepy during the day, you may have sleep apnea, a condition in which it prevents your breathing several times during the night sleep apnea is very much in people with diabetes. If you feel that you have a sleep problem, talk to the doctor.
Remember, diabetes control is not easy, but the ways in which you are given here will help you to treat sugar disease and control blood sugar.