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Anemia is a condition in which there are not enough healthy red blood cells in the body. Red blood cells give oxygen to the tissues of the body. Anemia can be of many types and the problem of anemia caused by iron deficiency in the body is called iron deficiency anemia in the medical language. Anemia caused by low iron levels is most common. The body gets iron through certain foods. The body can also reuse the iron of old red blood cells.
Anemia reduces blood in the body. Hemoglobin, found in red blood cells, carries oxygen throughout the body. Hemoglobin is actually a protein molecule in red blood cells or red blood cells that carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body and gives carbon dioxide back from tissues to the lungs. Hemoglobin is composed of four protein molecules (globulin chains) that are linked together. Hemoglobin is measured by blood tests.
The general range for hemoglobin (HB or HGB): for men, 13,5 to 17.5 grams per deciliter and for women, 12.0 to 15.5 g per deciliter. Being less than 12 means anemia and can be lighter or severe depending on the volume.
The normal level of hemoglobin in children is 11 to 13 grams per deciliter. When reduced, it is called mild or severe anemia based on quantity. Children who do not eat balanced food, do not eat leafy vegetables, fruits, pulses, etc., and eat more food, iron deficiency leads to anemia.
Children have daily development. The need for their growing iron should always be kept in mind for the growth of the growth.
Small children who drink more milk also have a greater potential for iron deficiency. The most important way to eat a variety of healthy diets is to prevent and treat iron deficiency.
A large amount of iron is harmful, so give the same dose of iron as described by the doctor. Keep iron supplements away from sight and access from children so that they do not take it in large quantities automatically.
Hemoglobin level hemoglobin concentration in children
The reference range for hemoglobin concentration in children are as follows:
- Born: Mean 16.5 gm/Dl
- 1-3 days: 18.5 gm/Dl
- Week 1: 17.5 gm/Dl
- Week 2: 16.5 gm/Dl
- 1 month: 14.0 gm/Dl
- 2 months: 11.5 gm/Dl
- 3-6 months: 11.5 g/Dl
- 0.5-2 years: Mean 12.0 g/Dl
- 2-6 years: 12.5 gm/dl
- 6-12 years: 13.5 g/Dl
- 12-18-year-old female: 14.0 g/Dl
- 12-18 years Male: 14.5 g/Dl
Symptoms of anemia in children
Iron Deficiency Anemia Sign and Symptoms in Kids
Symptoms of anemia may be similar to that of older or children. But it can be a little difficult for adults to see only the same children where it is easy to identify the symptoms. Below are some of the symptoms that indicate an iron deficiency in children. If the child does not drink the account properly, it is more likely to be non-mic.
Symptoms of mild anemia
- Unusual foods such as dust, soil, chalk, ice, starch, etc. to feel like pica eating crave
- Unusual foods
- Eat Less Food
- Chest pain
- Cracked or reddened tongue
- Have a sore tongue
- swelling or soreness of the tongue,
- Enlarged spleen
- Rapid or irregular heartbeats
- Rapid or uneven breathing
- Frequent infections
- Gums, Nail Yellow pale skin
- Cracks in the sides of the mouth
- Slowed growth and development
- Behavioral problems
- Cynical behavior
- Become short of breath
- Have headaches or dizziness
- Feel tired or weak all the time
- Swollen hands and feet
- Coldness in hands and feet
In some children, restless legs syndrome (RLS) rest leg syndrome is observed. RLS is a disorder that compels the legs to keep running. People who have RLS may also have sleep problems.
Symptoms of excess anemia
- Blueness blue-tinged or very pale whites of eyes in the white part of eyes
- Yellowing of the skin Pale skin
- Nail Breakbreak Brittle Nails
Anemia due to low iron levels can affect a child’s ability to learn in school. Low iron level reduces the duration of attention, reduce alertness, and cause learning problems in children.
Hemoglobin level is tested in the bloodstream to check the condition of anemia.
Treatment of anemia in children
Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia
Treatment for iron-deficient anemia will depend on its cause and severity. Dietary changes and supplements can be given in the treatment.
The most important way to prevent and treat iron deficiency is by eating a healthy diet. Good iron vegetarian sources include vegetarian food source of Iron:
- Oatmeal Oatmeal
- Dried fruits, such as prunes, raisins, and apricots
- Spinach and other sage Spinach, kale and other greens
- Peanut butter
- Peas, lentils, white, red and baked beans, soybeans, and chickpeas, lentils, white, red, and baked beans, soybeans, and chickpeas
- Dried beans, lentils and soybeans dried beans, lentils, and soybeans
- Vitamin C
Vitamin C helps the body absorb iron. Good sources of vitamin C are especially citrus fruits. Citrus fruits include oranges, grapes, Amla and similar fruits. Other fruits rich in vitamin C include kiwi fruits, strawberries, and cantolaps.
Vegetables rich in vitamin C include broccoli, peppers, Brussels sprouts, tomatoes, cabbage, potatoes and green vegetables such as turnip greens and spinach.
If a healthy diet does not cure anemia in your child, doctors can give your child iron supplements. Do not give too many iron supplements to the child, which can cause poisoning. In most cases, the number of blood will return to normal in 2 to 3 months.
Never give iron supplements on an empty stomach. After eating, it has to be given once a day. Iron supplements can cause stomach irritation, darkening of the stool and constipation, so doctors can ask for a stool softener.
To remove anemia, it is also necessary to deworming the insect drug every 6 months. Insects in the intestine, such as hook worms, eat essential nutrients from the food taken. Therefore, despite having good food, the body becomes deficient in iron. Therefore treat worms for correct absorption. Regularise the intake of fruits containing vitamin 12 and vitamin C. Vitamin B12 deficiency reduces the ability of red blood cells to carry oxygen and becomes a body can’t make enough healthy red blood cells because it doesn’t have enough vitamin B12. Vitamin C deficiency does not absorb iron.
Iron deficiency (Anemia, Iron Deficiency Anemia) is the most common nutritional deficiency in kids.
The most common causes of iron deficiency in children include insufficient intake together with rapid growth, low birth weight and gastrointestinal losses related to excessive intake of milk.
Iron deficiency is managed by finding and removing the cause leading to iron deficiency, replacement of deficiency through supplements, improvement of nutrition and education of the patient and family. Iron supplements should not be given empty stomachs.