Sharbat Banafsha Unani Medicine

Banafashaa has expectorant, anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, antipyretic, and diuretic activities. It is indicated in the treatment of catarrh, cough, and cold.

Sharbat Banafsha or Gul Banafsha Sharbat is sweet herbal preparation. The chief ingredient of this medicine is Banafaha or Viola odorata. Sharbat or sherbet means the sweet drink, prepared from decoction, infusion, and water extract of either dry fruits or herbs or seeds, etc. The word Sharbat is derived from the Arabic Sarba, which means Drink.

Sharbat Banafsha is indicated in catarrh, cold, cough, fever, headache and pain and soreness of throat. It is cooling in nature and gives relief in acute thirst.   Here is given more about this medicine, such as benefits, indication/therapeutic uses, composition, and dosage.

  • Synonyms: Sharbat-e-Banafsha, Sharbat-e-Banaphsha
  • Type of medicine: Classical Unani Medicine
  • Availability: Online and at medical stores
  • Suitable for: Unisex
  • Main Indication: Respiratory infection
  • Contraindications: none
  • Side effects: none

Unani System of medicine evolved in Greece and was first introduced to India by the Arabs. It is also called as Greco-Arab medicine, Unani Tibb, Arabian medicine, or Islamic medicine.  Hippocrates is known as the father of this system of medicine. The theoretical framework of Unani medicine is based on his teachings.

It is a traditional medicinal system and commonly practiced in South Asia. The origins of Unani medicines are found in the doctrines of the ancient Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen.  It was later developed and refined through systematic experiment by the Arabs. Unani medicines are prepared from medicinal plants, minerals, animals products, etc. In Unani medicine, single drugs or their combinations in raw forms are preferred over compound formulations. The naturally occurring drugs used in this system are usually free from any side effects.

Ingredients of Sharbat Banafsha

  • Aqueous Extract from:
  • Gul Banafsha Viola odorata Flower 1/2 kg
  • Qand Safed Sugar 8 kg
  • Citric Acid 15 gram
  • Sodium benzoate 12 grams

Preparation of Sharbat Banafsha

Banafsha flowers are soaked in 8 liters of water at night. The water is boiled the next morning till water is reduced to half. Thus, the prepared decoction is allowed to cool and the flowers are hand rubbed. This is filtered using a cloth. To this, citric acid and sugar are added.

This is boiled and impurities are removed. When Qiwam is about to form Sodium benzoate dissolved in water is added.  This is cooked further. When ready, it is filtered and stored in glass bottles.

Key Ingredient

Gul Banafsha is the herb of 5′ to 6′ with grooved stem and yellow flowers. It is a small perennial plant with a short semi-subterranean fleshy stem (rootstock). It is found throughout the temperate Himalayas up to an altitude of 2000 m and extending eastwards to hills of Meghalaya, Nagaland, and Manipur.

The essential oil from the leaves, the dried flowers, the air-dried leaves of Sweet Violet or Banafasha are used for medicinal purpose.  It has expectorant, antimicrobial and broncho-secretolytic effects due to its saponin content. The various parts of the plant are used for diseases of respiratory organs, particularly for coughs, hoarseness, pneumonia, throat inflammations, bronchitis, dry catarrh, fever, headache, etc. It is also used for rheumatism of the minor joints, skin diseases, inflammation of the oral mucosa, nervous strain, and insomnia. The alkaloid violin present in Banaphsha has an emetine-like effect.

Gul Banaphsha or the flowers are used to prepare an infusion tea, which is used as an expectorant for bronchial catarrh. It is also taken as an antitussive for chronic bronchitis, whooping cough, asthma, and migraine.

In the Unani system, this plant is the main ingredient of medicine used mainly for cough and cold.

Citric acid is a weak organic tricarboxylic acid and is one of the most common food additives. It is a natural preservative and gives acidic (sour) taste to foods and soft drinks.

Sodium benzoate is the sodium salt of benzoic acid used as a food preservative in pickles, sauces, and fruit juices, with an E number of E211. Sodium benzoate is produced by the neutralization of benzoic acid with sodium hydroxide.  It is very soluble in water (550–630 g/liter at 20 °C) and is hygroscopic at a relative humidity above 50%. Its pH is about 7.5 at a concentration of 10 g/liter water.

Benefits of Sharbat Banafsha

  1. It causes widening of the bronchi and helps in the alleviation of asthma.
  2. It is febrifuge and gives relief in the fever.
  3. It is effective against cold, cough, congestion and catarrh.
  4. It helps in convalescence (recovering from an illness or medical treatment).

Important Therapeutic Uses of Sharbat Banafsha

  1. Acute thirst
  2. Catarrh, cold, cough
  3. Chronic bronchitis
  4. Coughing in tuberculosis
  5. Dry cough
  6. Fever, headache, and pain
  7. Nazla, Zukham, Khansi
  8. Palpitation of heart
  9. Soreness of throat
  10. Weakness post fever

The Dosage of Sharbat Banafsha

  1. The recommended dosage is 20-50ml.
  2. It is to be taken once a day.
  3. It can be taken as a fluid vehicle with appropriate medicine or with 200 ml of water.
  4. Or take as directed by the physician.


  1. Store in a cool and dry place in a tightly closed container, protected from light and moisture.
  2. No health hazards or side effects are known in conjunction with the proper administration of designated therapeutic dosages.
  3. It contains sodium.
  4. This medicine contains sugar and may not be suitable for a diabetic person/patients with high blood sugar level.


  • Hamdard Laboratories Sharbat Banafsha
  • Dehlvi Naturals
  • Tayyebi Dawakhana


  1. Seeminglu effective remedy and possibly cure for its intended application and use.That said I am going to try it for my cold and cough which repeats its ugly recurrance atleast 3/4 times when evere there is change in weather.Any other unani medicine required to becused with this sharbet?

  2. I love you bimbima ,Thanks fr giving me knowledge

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.