Arq Badyan Ingredients, Usage and Side Effects

Know what is medicinal usage of Unani medicine Arq Badyan? Learn about its ingredients and medicinal properties. This medicine is very effective in stomach problems.

Arq Badyan (Arq-e-Badiyan) is Unani medicine. It is obtained by hydrodistillation of fennel or Saunf. Saunf or Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), is appetizer, stimulant, carminative, galactagogue, and stomachic and given for relieving flatulence, griping of the bowels and stomachache.

Arq Badyan is useful in colic pain, vomiting, flatulence, indigestion, fullness, loss of appetite, burning syndrome, biliousness, anorexia and diseases due to vitiated blood.

  1. Also Known as ArqeBadiyan, Arq e Badyan
  2. Type of medicine: Classical Unani Medicine
  3. Availability: Online and at medical stores
  4. Suitable for: Unisex
  5. Availability: Online and at medical stores.
  6. Dhatu (tissue): Plasma, blood, muscles, nerve
  7. Srotas (channel): Digestive, respiratory, nervous, urinary, reproductive, lactation

What is Ark / Arq?

Arka / Arq can be defined as a liquid obtained by distillation of certain liquids or drugs soaked in water using distillation apparatus. The drugs are boiled in distillation apparatus to get the vapors which on condensation give Ark of the desired herb. Ark contains the volatile part of the drug.

Here is given more about this medicine, such as benefits, indication/therapeutic uses, composition, and dosage.

Ingredients of Arq Badyan

Composition of Arq Badiyan:

  • Badyan (Fennel Seeds)
  • Water

For the preparation of Ark, the dried herbs are cleaned and coarsely powdered. Some quantity of water is added to it for soaking and kept over-night. Soaking helps to soften the herb and when boiled releases the essential volatile principles easily. Next morning this is poured into the distillation apparatus and boiled. The vapor is condensed and collected in a receiver. In the beginning, the vapor consists of only steam and may not contain the essential principles of the drugs. It should, therefore, be discarded. The last portion also may not contain therapeutically essential substance and should be discarded. The aliquots collected in between contain the active ingredients and may be mixed together to ensure uniformity of the Arka.

It is a suspension of the distillate in water having slight turbidity and color according to the nature of the drugs used and smell of the predominant drug.

Biomedical Action of Arq Badiyan

  1. Antiflatulent: Alleviate or prevent excessive intestinal gas, i.e., flatulence.
  2. Antispasmodic: Relieve spasm of involuntary muscle.
  3. Appetizer: Improves appetite.
  4. Carminative: Preventing the formation or causing the expulsion of flatulence.
  5. Digestive: Digestant, help in digestion.
  6. Diuretic: Promoting excretion of urine/agent that increases the amount of urine excreted.

Benefits of Arq Badyan

It has expectorant, digestive, stimulant and carminative properties. It is given alone or as an adjuvant with other medicines in case of common digestive problems such as colic pain, indigestion, diarrhea or upset stomach.

  1. It gives relief in gastrointestinal spasms and abdominal cramps.
  2. It gives relief in nausea and vomiting.
  3. It has the goodness of fennel.
  4. It improves appetite.
  5. It is good for digestion.
  6. It is herbal medicine.
  7. It is safe to take.
  8. It is useful for kidney and spleen.
  9. It normalizes their function and relieves flatulence.
  10. It prevents and expels gas in the digestive tract.
  11. It reduces the burning sensation.
  12. It reduces excessive heat inside the body.
  13. It is useful in the liver, stomach, and intestinal disorders.

Important Therapeutic Uses of Arq Badyan

  1. Digestive Problems such as colic pain, gas, bloating, abdominal distension, indigestion, griping of the bowels, stomachache, hyperacidity, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, constipation, etc.
  2. Disorders of females such as menstrual cramps, pain during periods, less breast milk, pain in the vulva, etc.
  3. Gas
  4. Respiratory Problems such as Cough, Dry Cough, Asthma
  5. Urinary problems such as Difficult or Burning Urination

The Dosage of Arq Badyan

  • The recommended dosage of Ark Badiyan is 20ml-120ml.
  • It can be taken mixed with Sharbat Kasni 25 ml for the liver disorders.
  • The medicine should be taken empty stomach. Take in either one hour before a meal or 3-4 hours after having a meal.
  • This medicine can be taken twice or thrice a day.

Suggestions, Contraindications, Interactions, Side-effects, and Warnings

  1. It is completely safe to take this medicine in recommended doses.
  2. Keep away from the sight and reach of children.
  3. High doses of fennel may stimulate the uterus in some woman. Fennel in medicinal amounts should be avoided during pregnancy.
  4. Effectivity of herbal medicine depends on many factors. A medicine suitable for one person may not essentially give the same result in another person.
  5. The exact dose depends on the age, strength, digestive power of the patient, the nature of the illness, the state of the viscera and humours, and the properties of individual drugs.
  6. To avoid drug interaction, do not take fennel and medicines together. Maintain a gap of a minimum of two hours.
  7. Take Saunf arka empty stomach.


  • Hamdard Arq Badyan 500 ml @ Rs 50.00
  • Rex (U&A) Remedies Pvt. Ltd. Arq Badyan


  • Store in a cool and dry place in a tightly closed container,
  • Protected from light and moisture.


  1. Pain in stomach after taking this medicine 20 ml in water in the night pain is continuous not subsiding.

  2. Good ..having benefits .no side effect .you can take it with water having empty stomach.

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