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The polyp in the nose is an extra growth of drop size. Large and developed polyps look like peeled grapes. They can also worsen the nasal shape. This problem is more common in men and is often more common in older people than at the age of 40 years.
Polyp can be inside the nose or in the sinus. These are often where the sinus is found in the cavity of the nose. Nasal polyps can be caused by allergies or asthma. They are also seen to be linked to allergic rhinitis, sinus infection, chronic nasal inflammation. Sometimes it is due to genetic reasons and can sometimes be caused by prolonged nasal inflammation.
Sometimes no symptoms are found. If the size of the polyp inside the nose is small, it does not need treatment. Large polyps can block the sinus and can be infected when the mucous stops, so treatment becomes necessary.
When the nose is polyp, symptoms such as nasal jams, runny nose, no smell, no taste, infection, pain in the face, itching around the eye, sneezing, etc. People who have polyps inside the nose are often found to be allergic to aspirin. If allergic to aspirin medication, it should be checked for the nasal polyp. Use the nasal endoscope to check. This endoscope has a magnifying lens or camera. Steroids can be given first for treatment and can be said for subsequent surgery.
A nasal polyp is treated with drugs or surgery. Like any surgery, this surgery can also have many side effects.
Symptoms of Nasal Polyp
It is difficult to see the nasal polyp and it does not always cause any symptoms, so it doesn’t seem to be known very often.
Nasal polyp causes difficulties when it is large or in the cluster. Having polyp in the nose can be characterized by the following symptoms:
- Nasal jam, hard to breathe nose, which can make it difficult to breathe through your nose
- Feeling of fullness or pressure in the face
- Snoring snoring
- Obstructive sleep apnea obstructive sleep apnoea
- Runny nose
- Mucus that drips from the back of your nose down your throat (post-nasal drip)
- Reduced sense of smell or taste
If the polyp blocks the sinus, synovitis can be sinusitis. If this happens, there may be facial pain, toothache, and high temperature (fever).
When to see a doctor
If there are cold-like nasal symptoms that are not cured for a month or more, see the doctor.
Causes of polyp in the nose
The polyp in the nose, the lining of the nose, and swelling of the sinus can occur. It is not clear exactly why this inflammation occurs. However, some things may increase your risk of developing nasal polyp, including:
- Asthma – 20-40% of people also see asthma.
- Aspirin intolerance – symptoms of allergies to the drug.
Nasal polyp conditions usually affect adults and are more common in men than in women. They are rare in children.
Diagnosis of Polyp in the nose
The doctor will ask about the symptoms and check the inside of your nose. Further tests can be conducted in the Department of Ears, Nose, and Throat (ENT).
Testing typically involves endoscopy (where a small tube with a camera at one end is inserted onto your nostrils) or a computerized tomography (CT) scan.
Treatment of Nasal Polyps
It can be difficult to get rid of nasal polyp permanently, but steroid medication can often help them shrink, and surgery can be performed to remove them if the drugs do not help.
The main treatments are:
Corticosteroid drops or nasal spray or nose drops or nasals
Drops or nasal sprays for the nose, including steroid therapy (corticosteroids), can be written. Steroid drops generally work faster than sprays. However, are usually only prescribed for about two weeks as they can cause side effects such as
- Burning inside the nose
- Sore throat
- Bleeding from the nose
If your symptoms are better when taking drops, long-term treatment with steroid nasal spray is recommended, usually reducing the chances of polyps.
If there are large polyps, or there are symptoms even after using steroid drops or sprays, a small course of steroid tablets (oral corticosteroids) can be suggested in combination with drops.
The drug prednisolone is commonly used. This medicine will not be prescribed as to use for longer than 5 to 10 days worth as it increases the risk of developing your side effects such as:
- The weakening of bones (osteoporosis)
- High blood pressure
- increase the load
If your symptoms do not heal after taking steroid pills, it may suggest having surgery to remove the polyp. If they are better, long-term treatment with steroid sprays will be recommended.
Surgery is carried out by putting small surgical instruments from the nose to remove a nasal polyp from surgical surgery.
This procedure is called endoscopic sinus surgery. This is done under surgical anesthesia, it will be advisable to rest for about two weeks of surgery.
Common problems that occur after endoscopic sinus surgery include:
- The cut of the nose, which will usually be better in a few weeks.
- Persistent bleeding from the nose, which may require further surgery.
- Infection from surgery, which can usually be treated with antibiotics.
Most people with endoscopic sinus surgery will experience an improvement in their symptoms. Long-term use of steroid nasal sprays is generally called after surgery to help prevent re-occurring polyps.