The uterus is the main internal reproductive organ of the woman. It is located between the urine bladder and the rectum anus, which develops the baby.
Table of Contents
The size of the uterus is like a pear. The lower part of the uterus or the neck of the uterus is called the cervix or cervix uteri. It is usually 2 to 3 centimeters long (~1 inch) and cylindrical in shape. It is attached to the uterus at one end and from the other side to the vagina.
Opening in the uterus of the cervix is called the internal OS and opening in the vagina is called external OS. The tube that is formed by connecting the two is called the Cervical Canal. Sperm reach the fallopian tube through the vagina to the cervical canal. The secretion in the cervical canal varies throughout the month. It contains mucus that can be diluted or thick, it is like the bleeding of the period, the secretion of stretching lining from the uterus. During childbirth, the cervix or cervix is only wide/wide. The dilate is dilate.
The polyp in medical language is called abnormal growth of body cells. It is a structure outside the mucous membrane. Often it is attached to the tissues like thin and long stems. Polyp colons in the human body are found in the abdomen, nose, sinuses, bladder of urine, and uterus.
Polyps are known as Cervical Polyps, Polyp of Cervix, when a polyp is in the cervix or cervix. Cervical polyps are similar to the finger in looks and sometimes come out to the cervical canal and can also be projected outside the vagina.
Causes of Cervical Polyps
It is very common to have cervical polyps. It is often seen in women over 20 years of age. Most women have a polyp, but in some women, two or three polyps can also be seen.
Obvious causes of cervical polyps are not known but in some situations, it may occur, such as:
- Abnormal response to increased levels of the female hormone estrogen-like.
- Chronic Inflammation
- Clogged blood vessels in the cervix
Polyps During Pregnancy
Polyps are very common during pregnancy.
During pregnancy, hormones are changing very much and rapidly in the woman. Estrogen levels grow very rapidly in the early three months, and that is why nausea occurs. Estrogen is being made by both the ovary and the placenta. Its increased level helps the uterus grow and maintains lining. The effect of estrogen starts to grow and hurts when touched.
The effect of estrogen hormone increases blood flow in the mucous membrane and leads to inflammation.
Increased estrogen also affects the cervical canal. The mucous membrane also increases blood flow. The effect of growth hormones can also lead to cervical polyps. It does not happen to everyone, but in some women, it may happen.
When there is a cervical polyp, there may be spotting or bleeding from the vagina. This bleeding may seem mild to heavy. It increases by pressure while urinating or passing stools. In most cases, when the doctor is contacted due to bleeding in the cervix is known to be a polyp. It is getting from the bleeding polyp and not from the uterus. Therefore, there is no need to panic. The doctor does not ask to remove it in the first trimester. They recommend only relaxing and not having sex.
For a long time, this polyp continues to grow. Sometimes it also looks at the length of the finger and appears outside the vagina.
As pregnancy progresses, the polyps also disappear automatically.
Cervical polyp does not cause any harm to the uterus. There may be trouble watching bleedings but not panic. It will not cause any harm.
Symptoms of cervical polyps
It is not necessary that cervical polyp always has any symptoms. When symptoms are present, it may include:
- Very heavy menstrual
- Vaginal bleeding after douching or intercourse
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding after menopause
- White or yellow mucus
Tests for Cervical Polyps
When you go to the gynecologist, they do pelvic exams. By spreading the vagina, they can see the polyp in the cervix.
Treatment of cervical polyps
There is no treatment for small polyps.
Only large cervical polyps with symptoms are treated, the polyp is removed. Polyps can be removed during the outpatient procedure.
- Smaller polyps may be removed with a gentle twisting
- Electrocautery may be needed to remove larger polyps
- There may be bleeding or cramps for a few days after the polyp is removed.
When to contact a doctor?
- Abnormal bleeding from the vagina
- Bleeding after sex or between periods after bleeding
- Abnormal discharge from the vagina
- Abnormally heavy periods of abnormally