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Painful menstruation, also known as dysmenorrhoea, is a common problem of women in the reproductive age group. Painful menstruation without pathologic conditions can be successfully managed with simple remedies such as powder of Shatpushpa(Dill).
Pain may occur before, during and after menstrual flow. Sometimes, it may occur between the menstrual periods. The pain can be dull and continuous with a sense of heaviness in the pelvic region and not infrequently intermittent and spasmodic. Anxiety, stress and unsatisfied sexual stimulation contribute significantly to induce or aggravate dysmenorrhoea without any structural or pathologic cause.
Indian Tribal communities use dried ripe fruits of Shatpushpa in the form of a decoction or powder or boiled with milk alone or mixed with other herbs for female health problems resulting during menstruation and after child birth. The formulation is listed with given indications in the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.
Details of Shatpushpa(Dill)
The plant is cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions and its fruits are collected near the end of winter, dried in the shade and kept in dry conditions. Properly preserved fruits are dark brown and rich in essential oil with a faintly aromatic odour, warm and slightly sharp taste resembling that of caraway.
English name Dill
Latin name Anethum sowa Roxb. ex Flem.
Part used Dried ripe fruits
How to prepare Shatpushpa(dill) for Painful Menstruation treatment
- Clean Shatpushpa dried fruits by removing dust and other foreign particles.
- Grind fruits in a dry grinder or pulverizer.
- Filter the powder through sieve with mesh size 85.
- Store the powder in an air-tight glass or food-grade plastic container and store in a dry, cool place away from direct sunlight.
- Soft decoction or infusion is prepared by boiling 2 to 3 grams of Shatpushpa in 50 ml of water until half of it remains. Or, soak Shatpushpa fruits in 25 to 30 ml of hot water for half an hour and then filter the contents to obtain infusion.
2-3 grams of the powder is to be taken twice a day with warm water, preferably after meals. The powder can be mixed with an equal amount of honey and swallowed with warm water or milk.Or, 25 to 30 ml of decoction or infusion can be taken twice or thrice daily. For continuous pain or heaviness use of 2-3 teaspoonful (10-15 ml) infusion is recommended at hourly intervals.
Other uses of Dill
- Painful menstruation with or without abdominal symptoms.
- Shatpushpa is also indicated for improving menstrual flow and lactation after delivery.
- It is also used as a household remedy for first-hand management of common ailments like diarrhoea, flatulence, indigestion, acute abdominal pain and fever.
Precautions and safety aspects
- Hot (pungent) spicy and sour food items should be avoided during menstruation and medication with Shatpushpa powder. In summer either the dose of Shatpushpa should be reduced or should be taken with some cooling, soft and soothing liquid.
- Use of Shatpushpa may be discontinued if menstrual blood flow increases and symptoms of giddiness, heat, burning, excessive thirst and dryness appear. These symptoms usually appear in women with hot body-mind constitution, i.e. Paittik constitution and can be negated by consuming soft, lubricating, soothing, semisolid and juicy food items.
- Toxic or adverse effects of Shatpushpa are not reported in the literature.
- Deep-fried, oily foods that may cause abdominal heaviness, indigestion and constipation, etc. should be avoided.
- Cold water bath, dry massage, night awakening, irregularity in sleep, excessive walking, excessive coitus, strenuous exertion and mental stress, etc. should be avoided.