Guava is a tropical tree which is cultivated in many parts of world. Its edible fruits are included in superfruits and are very rich in vitamins C. The fruits also contain vitamin A, pectin, flavonoids and fibers. Presence of many phytochemical, such as tannins, phenols, triterpenes, flavonoids, essential oils, saponins, carotenoids, lectins, vitamins, fiber and fatty acids, in various parts of tree give guava its medicinal properties.
Guava is known as amrud in hindi. In Ayurveda it is considered as tridosh nashak. Its leaves, fruits and roots are used in treatment of cough, fever, diarrhoea, constipation, bad breath, gum problems and numerous other health problems.
Guava leaves has great medicinal properties and use in treatment of various illness. Guava mouthwash is herbal preparation from leaves of guava tree. Guava leaves contain bioactive compounds saponins, tannins, flavonoids and alkaloids. The presence of these compounds make guava mouthwash highly effective in curing oral problems. Drinking guava leaves teat is one of the best way to Lowering Cholesterol, Lowering Blood-Sugar Levels and Preventing Type2 Diabetes.
- Kingdom: Plantae Order: Myrtales Family: Myrtaceae Subfamily: Myrtoideae Genus: Psidium Species: Guajava
- Botanical name: Psidium guajava
- Synonyms: P. cujavillus Burm. f., P. pomiferum L., P. pumilum Vahl, P. pyriferum L
- Family: Myrtaceae
Bengali: Goaachhi, peyara Gujarati: Jamrud, Jamrukh, Peru Hindi: Amrood Kannada: Gova, Jamaphala, Perala, Sibi, Sebehabbu Malayalam: Pera, Koyya Marathi: Jamba, Tupkel Oriya: Bodojamo, Jamo, Julabojamo, Pijuli Tamil;Koyya, Segappugoyya, Sengoyya, Vellaikoyya, Uyyakkondan Telugu: Jama Trade name: Common Guava
Guava is native to and widely distributed in Mexico and Central America.
Now it is cultivated in many parts of world. In India, it is cultivated throughout the country.
Guava is a small tropical evergreen shrub or shade tree. It easily propagates by seeds and cuttings. It has flaky, thin, smooth, copper coloured bark. Branches are crooked with opposite leaves. Flowers are fragrant, white, incurved 4-6 petals, 2-3 in number growing on leaf axils. Fruits are edible;green when raw and yellow on ripening.
Constituents of Guava
Guava contains broad spectrum of phytochemicals including polysaccharides, vitamins, essential oils, minerals, enzymes, proteins, sesquiterpenoid alcohols, triterpenoid acids, alkaloids, glycosides, steroids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins. It is very rich in antioxidants, vitamins and lutein, zeaxanthine and lycopene.
Benefits of Guava eating
Guava fruits are very nutritious and low in calorie. These contain more vitamin c compared to citrus fruits. Guava contain dietary fiber, protein, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, copper, iron, vitamin A, vitamin b1, vitamin C, vitamin b2, vitamin b3 and folic acid. It is rich in antioxidant and protects cell damage. Guava fruits are very good for improving overall health.
Since guava fruit is rich in vitamin c, it protects body against bacterial and viral infections by improving body immunity. There are countless health benefits of Guava eating, some of them are as follows:-
- Gives relief in stress
- Gives energy, vitamin c
- Cures constipation, Indigestion
- Benefcial in Gastric problem
- Improves Appetite, liver function
- Tonic for heart
- Reduces cholesterol, lipid level
- Full of lycopene and Antioxidant
- Reduces recurrnet infections
If you are eating 100 grams of guava, you will get about 228 mg of Vitamin C. This will also provide you 49?g folate. In lesser amount you will get calcium (18mg), iron (0.26mg), magnesium (22mg), manganese (0.15 mg), phosphorous (40 mg), potassium (417 mg) sodium (2 mg) and zinc (0.23 mg).
Medicinal uses of Guava
Guava tree is a medicinal plant and its various parts are useful in treatment of variety of ailments. It is good for liver, digestive system, heart and intestine. Guava fruits can also be eaten by diabetics and those suffering from kidney and liver related problems. In fact, drinking guava juice helps to regulate blood sugar level.
The leaves of plant possess blood sugar lowering effect. They are rich in tannins and oxalates. The tea prepared from its leaves has anti-stress effect. The leaves are useful in malaria, inflammation, and fever. Chewing leaf is a common remedy for upset stomach, gum bleeding, bad breath etc. In form of decoction or infusion leaves are useful in treating fever, spasm and for rheumatism. Tree bark decoction and poultice is used as an astringent in the treatment of ulcers wounds and diarrhoea. Roots decoction is useful in diarrhoea, coughs, stomach ache, dysentery, toothaches, indigestion and constipation.
Here is given the ways to use guava tree for treatment of some common ailments.
- Wash unripe guava. Cut it and apply sendha namak and roast. Eat roasted guava to treat cough.
- Take few leaves of guava. Clean them properly and crush them in mortar and pestle. Add in glass of water and cook till water reduces to 1/4 of initial amount, filter and drink lukewarm.
Gum problems, tooth ache and Bad breath
To get relief from various oral problems, make a simple preparation. Take few guava leaves and wash them thoroughly under water to clean dirt. Crush them in mortar and pestle. Now boil a glass of water. Add drop of laung ka tel, sendha namak and crushed guava leaves in boiling water. Cook for few minutes. Use this water to gargle few times a day.
Take giloy stem, few guava leaves and 2-3 tulsi leaves. In a pan boil water. Put all ingredients in boiling water and cook till water reduces to 1/4th of initial amount. Drink Lukewarm after filtering. This will also improve liver function affected by fever and infection.
Mouth ulcer:Chew Leaf of guava.
Diarrhoea, dysentery, colitis and stomach pain
- Take fresh leaves of Guava, crush them in mortar and pestle. Boil water, add leaves and dry ginger powder. Cook till water reduces to 1/4th of initial volume. Filter and drink one cup of this decoction, every three to four hours.
- Drink infusion of bark or eat bark powder 5 grams with water, 2-4 times a day. This remedy is also useful in anal itching, spermatorrhoea, mild food poisoning, hyperacidity and indigestion.
Wound disinfectant:Prepare decoction of leaves and wash the affected area, 2-3 times a day.
Pimples, acne:Make a paste of leaves with water and apply externally.
Head lice:Apply paste guava leaves.
Scabies:Prepare paste of guava leaves with water, mix turmeric and apply externally.
Please note: While eating guava do not chew its seeds instead swallow as chewing reduces its laxative properties. Also it is better to eat fruit before meal. The vitamin C content is highest in the skin, therefore do not peel guava before eating.
Some useful Home remedies
Gastroenteritis, diarrhoea, dysentery
Prepare decoction of Guava bark and leaves. Drink this decoction 20 ml few times a day.
Oral problems, Pyorrhoea, gun swelling
Chew fresh leaves (3-4) of guava. This has antibacterial and antiseptic effect. Chewing is also a good jaw exercise.
You can also prepare a decoction by boiling 3-4 leaves in water for gargling purpose.
Chew guava leaves.
Drink guava leaf decoction to cure vomiting.
Wash and clean leaves of guava. Now crush and extract juice in mortar and pestle. Drink this leaves juice 10 ml with misri in morning for few days.
Anal prolapse (Gudabhransh)
For anal prolapse prepare guava leaves poultice and tie on affected area.
Crush and boil Bark, root and leaves (250 gm) of guava in water (500 ml). Cook till volume reduces to 250 ml. Filter this and use to wash anal area and push the anus inside. This has astringent action.
Take fresh leaves, warm them and apply at inflamed joints.
Drink fresh leaves juice of guava for few times a day.
Guava leaves decoction
Guava leaves decoction has astringent (tends to constrict body tissues), antimicrobial and antiseptic (controls growth of infection causing microorganisms) activities. Due to these action this decoction can be used externally to wash infections and kill bacteria.
Here are few condition in which guava leaf wash is beneficial
- Vaginal and uterine wash, especially in leucorrhoea
- Uterine bleeding
- Vaginal irritation, itching, infection and discharges
- Cuts, wounds washing
- Skin infections, Acne, pimples, boils, ulcers, itchy rashes, Scabies
Guava is good for people with diabetes?
In diabetes their are several myths and one most common is diabetic people should not eat sweet fruits, Guava is a sweet fruit so it can not be consumed by diabetic people. But truth is different. If you ask to your doctor then he will tell what fruits you can eat but in limited quantity.
Guava is low on the Glycemic Index (GI) and many disease prevention benefits, so it’s an extraordinarily healthy snack for diabetics. There are several other health benefits of Guava fruit.
Fact is that total amount of carbohydrate in a food affect blood sugar is more than other sources of carbohydrate like sugar. For diabetic people one serving of fruit should contain 15 gm carbohydrate. The size of the serving depends on the carbohydrate content of the fruit. If some fruit contains less carbohydrate then that can be eaten in more quantity.
Guava is low in Saturated Fat, and very low in Cholesterol and Sodium. It is also a good source of Vitamin A, C, Folate, Potassium, Copper and Manganese, and a very good source of Dietary Fiber and Vitamin C. You can get 15 gm carbohydrate from 100 gm Guava. So it’s good new for people suffering from type 2 diabetes. At least then can eat 3/4 cup guava. There are other benefits of Guava specially for diabetic people as it improves digestion and reduces cholesterol.
If you are diabetic still you can eat 3/4 cup(100 gm) Guava. Peel guava skin as it can increase blood sugar levels, but you have to cut other carbohydrate intake to balance your diet.