Chyawanprash is a very well-known Ayurvedic preparation referenced from Charak Samhita which describes it as ‘foremost of all Rasayana’.
It is general health tonic that improves body immunity to fight diseases. The original recipe of Chyavanprash contains more than forty ingredients including Amla, Dashmul, Motha, Punarnava, Gokhru, Kantkari, Kali mirch, Dalchini, Shatavar, Ela, Laung, Saffron, Ghee, Sugar etc. But nowadays no company make it as per the original formula. Many companies make Chyawanprash which mainly contain sugar (about 60-70 percent), Amla, and only few medicinal herbs. They also add some preservatives like potassium sorbate. There is no uniformity of composition of Chyawanprash available in market.
Ingredients of Chyawanprash
Definition (Charak Samhita): Chyavanaprasha is a semisolid avaleha preparation made with the ingredients in the formulation composition given below:
1. Bilva Aegle marmelos Rt./St.Bk. 48g
2. Agnimantha Premna integrifolia Rt./St.Bk. 48g
3. Shyonaka Oroxylum indicum Rt./St.Bk. 48g
4. Gambhari Gmelina arborea Rt./St.Bk. 48g
5. Patala Stereospermum suaveolens Rt./St.Bk. 48g
6. Bala Sida cordifolia Rt. 48g
7. Shalaparni Desmodium gangeticum Pl. 48g
8. Prishniparni Uraria picta Pl. 48g
9. Mudgaparni Phaseolus trilobus Rt./Pl 48g
10. Mashaparni Teramnus labialis Rt./Pl 48g
11. Pippali Piper longum Fr. 48g
12. Gokshura Tribulus terrestris Pl. 48g
13. Brihati Solanum indicum Pl. 48g
14. Kantakari Solanum surattense Pl. 48g
15. Shringi Pistacia integerrima Gl. 48g
16. Tamalaki (Bhumyamalaki Phyllanthus amarus Pl. 48g
17. Draksha Vitis vinifera Dr. Fr. 48g
18. Jivanti Leptadenia reticulata Rt. 48g
19. Pushkara Inula racemosa Rt. 48g
20. Agaru Aquilaria agallocha Ht.Wd. 48g
21. Abhaya Haritaki Terminalia chebula P. 48g
22. Amrita Guduci Tinospora cordifolia St. 48g
23. Riddhi Habenaria intermedia Sub. Rt. Tr. 48g
24. Jivaka Malaxis acuminata Pseudo-bulb 48g
25. Rshabhaka Malaxis muscifera Rt. Tr. 48g
26. Shati Hedychium spicatum Rz. 48g
27. Musta Cyperus rotundus Rt. Tr. 48g
28. Punarnava Raktapunarnava Boerhaavia diffusa Pl. 48g
29. Meda Polygonatum cirrhifolium Rt.Tr. 48g
30. Ela Sukshmaila Elettaria cardamomum Sd. 48g
31. Candana Shvetacandana Santalum album Ht. Wd. 48g
32. Utpala Nymphaea stellata Fl. 48g
33. Vidari (Kanda) Pueraria tuberosa Rt. Tr. 48g
34. Vrishamula (Vasa) Adhatoda vasica Rt. 48g
35. Kakoli Lilium polyphyllum Sub. Rt. 48g
36. Kakanasi ka Martynia annua Fr. 48g
37. Amalaka Phyllanthus emblica Emblica officinalis) P. 5 kg
38. Jala Water for decoction 12.29 liter reduced to 3.07 liter
39. Ghrita Clarified butter from cow’s milk 288 g
40. Tila Taila Sesamum indicum oil. 288 g
41. Sharkara Sugar 2.4 kg
42. Madhu Honey 288 g
43. Tugakshiri Bambusa bambos Siliceous deposit 192 g
44. Pippali Piper longum Fr. 96 g
45. Tvak Cinnamomum zeylancium St. Bk. 48g
46. Ela Elettaria cardamomum Sd. 48g
47. Patra Tejapatra Cinnamomum tamala Lf. 48g
48. Keshara (Nagake Shara Mesua ferrea Stmn. 48g
Rt.=Root;St.Bk.=Stem bark;Fr.=Fruit;Fl.=flower;Lf.=Leaf;Stmn.=Stamens;St. Bk.=Stem Bark;P.=Pericarp;Rt.=Root;Sd.=Seeds;Ht. Wd.=Heart wood;Rz.=Rhizome;
Note: Stem bark of the ingredients number 1 to 5 of the formulation composition has been used in place of root.
Method of preparation
Take all the ingredients of pharmacopoeial quality. Wash, dry, powder the ingredients numbered 1 to 36 (Kvatha Dravya) of the formulation composition and pass through sieve number 44. Wash, dry, powder the ingredients numbered 43 to 48 (Prakshepa) and pass through sieve number 85. Add sufficient amount of water to the Kvatha dravya. Take 5 kg fresh fruits of amalaki, wash and tie them into a bundle using muslin cloth. Immerse the bundle into the Kvatha vessel, heat and remove the bundle from the vessel when amalaki becomes soft. Continue to boiling till water reduces to one fourth and filter the decoction through a muslin cloth. Keep the filtrate safe for use in the formulation. Prepare amalaki pishti by removing the fibres and seeds by rubbing through a piece of cloth. Fry the pishti with Ghrita and Taila mixed in equal proportions. Properly fried pishti would release the Ghrita and Taila. Add Sharkara to the filtred kvatha, also add fried pishti and boil to Leha paka. Final stage of Leha paka is assessed by putting 2 to 3g in a glass of water at room temperature. It will settle down in the water and will not disperse at least for 5 to 10 min. Then remove the vessel from fire and allow to cool at 500. Add prakshepa Dravya and mix thoroughly to prepare a homogeneous blend. On cooling at room temperatures add Madhu. Pack it in tightly closed containers to protect from light and moisture.
Description: Semisolid, chocolate brown colored sticky paste, taste sweet with non-specific pleasant odour.
Storage: Store in a cool place in tightly closed amber colured containers, protected from light and moisture.
Benefits of Chyawanprash
- It is anti-aging and rejuvenating tonic.
- It improves body immunity.
- It promotes youth, vigor and longevity.
- It gives relief in respiratory disorders, cough, emaciation, arthritis, diseases related to semen and many other diseases.
- It improves memory, intelligence, complexion, and general health.
- It gives strength to children, elderly.
Important Therapeutic Uses
Chyawanprash has anti-oxidant, anti-stress, adaptogenic, blood-purifying, digestive, liver strengthening, immunomodulatory and rejuvenating properties. Chyawanprash is used as Rasayana, Medhya, Smritiprada (Nutrient to body and mind with adapto-immunoneuro-endocrino-modulator properties and Brain Tonic (Nootropic, Improves memory).
It is hot (Ushna) in potency it increases pitta but decreases vata and kapha. It shows beneficial effect in respiratory disorders. It is Snigdha (unctuous) and Guru (heavy on digestion).
- Kasa (Cough), Shvasa (Dyspnoea/Asthma)
- Kshata Kshina (Debility due to chest injury),
- Svarabheda (Hoarseness of voice)
- Kshaya (Pthisis), Hridroga (Heart disease)
- Agnimandya (Digestive impairment), Uroroga (Disease of thorax)
- Vatarakta (Gout), Pipasa (Thirst)
- Mutraroga (Urinary diseases), Shukra Dosha (Vitiation of semen)
- Jara (Senility/Progeriasis)
Dosage of Chyawanprash
Chyawanprash is beneficial for everyone. The recommended dosage of Chyawanprash is 12-24 grams preferably with a glass of lukewarm milk. It is warming in nature and increases pitta inside body. So it should be used cautiously by people with aggravated pitta, diarrhea, and peptic ulcer.
You can buy this medicine online or from medical stores.
This medicine is manufactured by Baidyanath, Dabur (Chyawanprash), Zandu (Chyavanprash), Patanjali Divya Pharmacy (Chyawanprash), Shri Dhootapapeshwar Limited (Chyavanprash), Arya Vaidya Sala Kottakkal (Chyavanaprasam), and many other Ayurvedic pharmacies.