Kalanchoe laciniata is known as Parnabija, Zakhm-e-Hayaat, Malakalli in
Ayurvedic, Unani and Siddha system of medicine respectively. It is medicinal
plant with succulent leaves and belong to plant family Crassulaceae, commonly
referred as Stonecrop or Orpine family and Genus Kalanchoe.
The genus ‘Kalanchoe’ consists of about 125 species of plant found in
tropical parts. Previously this genus was divided into three genera (Kalanchoe,
Bryophyllum, Kitchingia). But now it is recognized as only one genus Kalanchoe.
Kalanchoe are primarily ornamentals and houseplants. They can be planted in
Another important medicinal plant belonging to its genus is, Kalanchoe
pinnata / Bryophyllum pinnatum (Pattharchatta, cathedral bells) which is used to expel urinary stones.
It is important to note, Kalanchoe pinnata and Kalanchoe laciniata are to
different species but are used in the same way. Also as described in
classical texts, species of Kalanchoe viz. Kalanchoe lanciniata, Kalanchoe
integra, or Kalanchoe pinnata can be equated to the botanical source of
Parnabija (Parna=leaf; bija=seeds, the naming is due to the fact that plant
leaf produces roots and baby plants which becomes independent plants, so the
leaf acts as seeds) plant possess diuretic, astringent, and hemostatic
properties. Due to all these properties they are used in treatment of urinary
diseases, bleeding disorders and wound healing. Kalanchoe laciniata is found
only in few regions of India.
Kalanchoe laciniata is a succulent herb. The plant grows up to a height of
The stems are succulent, glabrous or more or less pubescent and
Leaves are numerous, large and very succulent, 7.5 cm–10 cm long. The
petiole is 2.5 cm–3.8 cm long, flattened above, fleshy and amplexicaul. The
blade is narrow oblong, acute, dentate, serrate or crenate.
The leaves are glossy and pale glaucous to green in colour. The lowest leaves
are divided into segments. The middle leaves are more or less deeply pinnatifid
and the uppermost leaves are with narrow almost cylindrical segments.
Flowers are regular, bisexual, large, bright in colour yellow and
occur in paniculate cymes. The calyx is 3-5 mm long, glabrous or glandular-
pubescent. Corolla is 1.6 cm long. Sepal and petals are four in number. A few
hypogenous scales of 3-4 mm long are present. Stamens are eight, inserted in two
rows on the tube of the corolla. Ovary is superior.
The botanical name of Hemsagar is Kalanchoe laciniata.
Latin word laciniata is derived from lacer meaning 'fringed or
very deeply cut, torn or slashed into narrow divisions'. Since the leaves are
fringed and divided, the species is given name Kalanchoe (name of genus)
laciniata (type of leaf).
It belongs to plant family Crassulaceae. Below is given taxonomical
classification of plant.
- Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
- Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
- Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
- Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
- Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
- Subclass: Rosidae
- Order: Rosales
- Family: Crassulaceae – Stonecrop family
- Genus: Kalanchoe Adans. – widow's-thrill
- Species: Kalanchoe laciniata (L.) DC. – Christmas tree
Kalanchoe schweinfurthii Penzig.
Cotyledon laciniata Roxb
- Part(s) used for medicinal purpose: Leaves
- Plant type / Growth Habit: Herb
- Duration: Perennial
- Distribution: It is found in India (Maharashtra, Deccan Peninsula,
Bengal), Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Java and tropical Africa.
- Habitat: Warm, moist regions
- Soil: Prefer sandy soil
- Leaves: Decompound and pinnatifid
- Flower: Yellow, with 4 sepals and petals.
- Urinary disorders
- Common cold and cough
Vernacular names / Synonyms
- Scientific name: Kalanchoe laciniata
- Sanskrit / Ayurvedic: Hamsagar, Asthibhaksha, Hemasagara, Parnaviji,
- Unani: Zakhm-e-Hayaat
- Siddha: Malakalli
- Tamil: Malakalli, Mala-kulli
- Sri Lanka: Akkapana
- English: Christmas tree plant
- Marathi: Parnabij, Ghaimari, Ghaipat, Aranmaran
- Folk: Hemasaagar
Constituents of Kalanchoe laciniata
The leaves contain a yellow organic acid, cream of tartar, sulphate and
oxalate of calcium, tartaric acid, fat and malic acid.
Flavonoids, triterpenoids, lignins, phenols, saponins and glycosides are also
Important Medicinal Properties
Kalanchoe laciniata is rich in medicinal properties. The understanding of
these properties will help us to better utilize this herb. These also indicate
the conditions in which we should avoid it.
Below is given medicinal properties along with the meaning.
- Anti-dysenteric: Relieving or preventing dysentery.
- Astringents: Constrict tissues; styptic.
- Anti-inflammatory: Reducing inflammation by acting on body
- Antiseptic: Capable of preventing infection by inhibiting the growth
of infectious agents.
- Antiulcer: Tending to prevent or heal ulcers.
- Anti-irritant: Reduces signs of inflammation, such as
swelling, tenderness, pain, itching, or redness.
- Diuretic: Promoting excretion of urine/agent that increases the
amount of urine excreted.
- Emollient: Soothing and softening effect on the skin or an irritated
- Hemostatic: Checking blood flow.
Medicinal Uses of Kalanchoe laciniata (Christmastree plant)
Kalanchoe laciniata is used in the same way as Kalanchoe pinnata or
- The leaves are used both internally and externally. Externally, roasted or
crushed leaves are applied on cuts, wounds, abrasions, ulcers and bites of
poisonous insects. They are antiseptic, astringent and helps to stop bleeding.
Internally, leaf juice in given to treat diarrhea, dysentery, and stones.
- The leaves and roots are used for the treatment of urinary
- The intake of leaves help to dissolve stones in the
- The decoction of the whole plant is drunk in gastric pain and heart
- The leaves juice is given in dose of 3 ml to 10 ml with 6- 20 ml melted
butter in in diarrhea, dysentery, and cholera.
- Leaf paste is applied to chronic sores and ulcers.
- Leaf poultice is applied to the chest for coughs and colds.
- The juice of the roasted leaves is applied to bruises and
- The leaf paste is applied topically on itch.
- The leaves are used as lotion in small pox.
- Crushed leaves are used in headache.
- Leaf juice is applied externally for joint pain.
- Pounded leaves are applied in indolent ulcers.