Herb Information Bala(Sida Cordifolia)

Bala or Sida cordifolia is a valuable medicinal herb of Ayurveda. It is a useful herb to treat broad variety of ailments such as bronchial asthma, cold and flu, chills, lack of perspiration, head ache, nasal congestion, aching joints and bones, cough and wheezing, and fluid retention in body. Bala is used in formulation of medicated oil for treating joint pain, swelling and massaging. This medicinal plant is distributed throughout tropical and sub-tropical India and Sri Lanka. It is a perennial shrub with long branches. In Ayurveda, leaves, seeds and roots are used for medicinal purpose.


Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Angiospermae
Class: Eudicots
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Sida
Species: Sida cordifolia
Latin name: Sida cordifolia Linn.
Vernacular names
Hindi: Kungyi
English: Country mallow
Sanskrit: Bala
Tamil: Mayir-manikham
Bengali: Brela
Guajarati: Junglimethi
Malayalam: Velluram
Punjab: Simak
Marathi: Chikana
Ayurvedic Properties and Action:
Rasa: Katu
Guna: Ruksa, Tiksna
Virya: Usna
Vipaka: Katu
Karma: Vatahara, Pittahara, Kaphahara, Sukrala, Vajikara, Svedakara, Dipana, Buddhivardhaka, Balakarka

Other common Regional names: Bariar, Batyalaka, Beejband, Bijband, Brela,  Chikana, Chiribenda, Chitimutti, Hettuti-gida, Janglimethi,  Kharenti, Khareti, Kisangi, Kungyi, Mayir-manikham, Muttuva,
Paniyar-tutti, Simak, Tupkaria, Tutturabenda, Velluram

Bala has following scientifically proven activities 

  • Analgesic
  • Anti-Inflammatory
  • Hypoglycemic
  • Appetite Suppressant
  • hepatoprotective activity

Bala has CNS Central Nervous System depressant effect. It has ability to increase pain tolerance. Bala also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.  It may decrease heart rate and blood pressure. 

Plant description

Small, erect, downy shrub;   leaves are heart shaped, serrate and truncate, 2.5-7 cm long and 2.5-5 cm broad, with 7-9 veins; flowers are small, yellow or white in colour, solitary and axillaries;  fruits greyish black in colour, with a pair of awns on each carpel, 6-8 mm in diameter;  Roots 5-15 cm long with few lateral roots of smaller size; tap roots are generally branched at the tip; outer surface of the root is off to grayish yellow; odourless with slightly bitte taste; plant flowers from August to December and fruiting from October to January
Part Used: seed, leaves, Roots

Medicinal uses

Seeds: seeds as considered as aphrodisiac.
Root: cooling, astringent, stomachic and tonic, aromatic, bitter, diuretic;   the root infusion is given in nervous and urinary diseases.  The infusion is also useful in blood and bile disorders. Root decoction is useful in fever treatment.  Various parts of the plant are used in formulation of Ayurvedic medicines and medicated oils for swelling and pain. The medicated oil prepared from Bala is effective in diseases of the nervous system, facial paralysis and sciatica.

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