Medicinal use of Daruhaldi (Berberis aristata) or Indian Barberry

Daruhaldi(Berberis aristata) is used in Ayurvedic medicine from long time. It has hypoglycaemic, antibacterial, antifungal, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities.

Barberry(Daruhaldi) or Tree Turmeric is a large thorny medicinal herb which is found in Himalayan region at height of 2000-3000 meter, Nilgiri hills in south India, Srilanka, Bhutan, and hilly areas of Nepal.

Ayurvedic remedies of Indian Barberry
By L. Shyamal (Own work)[ CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Details of Daruhaldi

Botanical name:

Barberis aristata DC. FAmily: Berberidaceae

Sanskrit name:

Daruharidra, Darvi, Darurajani, Darhald

Hindi: Daruhaldi, English: Indian Berberry, Bengali: Daruharidra, Gujrati: Daruharidra, Daruhuladur, Kashmiri: Rasvat, Kannada: Maradarishana, Maradarishina, Daruhaladi, Malayalam: Maramannal, Maramanjal, Marathi: Daruhalad, Oriya: Daruharidra, Daruhalidi, Tamil: Gangeti, Varatiu manjal, Telugu: Manupasupu

Daruhaldi is used to treat liver, ulcers, fever, infection in intestine, inflammation, cuts, wounds, eye and skin diseases, diarrhoea etc.


Rasaut preparation: In some areas across India Daruhaldi is used in form of Rasaut or Rashut. For preparing Rasaut, roots and lower stem of Daruhaldi is cooked in water. The amount of water taken is sixteen times of daruhaldi roots. It is cooked till water is reduced to one fourth. Then it is filtered and solution thus obtained is again cooked till it becomes semi-solid. This thickened preparation is dried, given a shape and stored for future use.

Rasaut uses:

Rasaut is used to cure stomach infection, piles, ulcers, fever, constipation, jaundice and eyes related problems.

Remedies of Indian barberry

Here are few remedies to cure various clinical conditions using fresh Indian Barberry and Rasaut. It is important to take this herb in lesser quantities as Berberine from this herb in larger doses causes poisoning.

Ophthalmic, eye diseases

  • Mix Rasaut with ghee, alum and apply in eyes.

Stomach infection, Dysentery, acute diarrhoea in children

  • Grind rasaut and mix with honey. Make child to lick this to cure stomach infections.

Piles (Bawasir), Ulcerative Colitis, Duodenal Ulcer, Infection in intestine

  • Take roots (5 gm) of Daruhaldi. Make decoction by boiling in water (400 ml) and take twice a day. This is beneficial in both types of piles.
  • Rasaut can also be used for piles treatment. For this dilute rasaut in thirty times water and wash the affected areas. Also take rasaut (1/8 tbsp) in butter (1 tbsp).

Eye related problems, Opthalmia

  • Grind branch of daruhaldi and apply like kajal in eye. This is beneficial in various eye diseases. Or apply rasaut externally on eyelids.

Remittent fevers

  • Make decoction of Daruhaldi roots (5 gm), dried giloy (5 gm) and few basil leaves in water (400 ml). When water reduces to one fourth filter and drink. Take this decoction twice a day. Do this for few days. This cures chronic fever due to any reason.
  • It also has positive effect of liver function.
  • Or take rasaut (1/8 tbsp) in cup of lukewarm water.


  • Make decoction of rasaut (1 cup), add honey and drink.

Boils, Ulcer, Skin diseases, wound

  • Grind leaves of Daruhaldi and apply on affected areas.

Painful urination

  • Make decoction of rasaut (1 cup), add amla powder( ½ tbsp) and drink.
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