Panchagavya Ghrita

In Ayurveda, Panchagavya is the combination of five important products obtained from cow’s urine, dung, milk, cow’s ghee and curd. The ghee prepared from Panchagavya is known as Panchagavya Ghrita.

This formulation has liver protecting, anti-epileptic, anticonvulsant and blood purification properties. Panchagavya Ghrita is mainly indicated in disorders due to problem in the nervous system and diseases of psychological origin.

Here is given more about Panchagavya Ghrita such as indication/therapeutic uses, composition and dosage.

Ingredients of Panchagavya Ghrita

  • Panchagavya Ghrita is a semi-solid preparation made with the ingredients in the Formulation composition given below with Ghrita as the basic ingredient.
  • Gomaya svarasa (watery substance of cow's dung) 3.072 l
  • Kshir milk (Go-dugdha) 3.072 l
  • Dadhi curd (Go-dadhi) 3.072 kg
  • Mootra cow's urine (Go-mutra) 3.072 l
  • Ghee Go-ghrita 768 g
  • Storage: Store in a cool place in tightly closed containers, protected from light and moisture.
  • Go-Dugdha contains carbohydrate, calcium chloride, casein, phosphorus, sodium citrate, iron, vitamins A, carotene and riboflavin.
  • Go-mutra has sulphur, ammonia, copper, iron, urea, uric acid, sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, vitamins A-E, lactose, enzymes and creatine. It is rich in volatile free acids which are very potent antioxidant agents.
  • Go-Ghrita contains phospholipids, diglycerides, triglycerides and beta carotene. It Sapta dhatu vardhak, Oja vardhak, Buddhivardhaka (augmenting intelligence), Smritivardhaka (enhancing memory), Deepana (improves appetite) and is useful in the treatment of Unmada, Apasmara, Murccha and Mada. It is useful in the diseases affecting the nervous system, anxiety, depression, dementia, insanity, epilepsy and other disorders of consciousness.

Ayurvedic Properties and Action of Panchgavya

Go-dugdha (Milk)

  • Rasa (taste on tongue): Madhura
  • Guna (Pharmacological Action): Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Unctuous)
  • Virya: Sita (Cooling)
  • Vipaka (transformed state after digestion): Madhura (Sweet)
  • Action: Vata-pitta Shamak, Kaphakarak.

Go-dadhi (Curd)

  • Rasa (taste on tongue): Amla (Sour)
  • Guna (Pharmacological Action): Guru
  • Virya: Ushna (Heating)
  • Vipaka (transformed state after digestion): Amla (Sour)
  • Action: Vatashamak, Kapha-pitta kar.

Gomaya svarasa

  • Rasa (taste on tongue): Kasaya (Astringent), Tikta (Bitter)
  • Guna (Pharmacological Action): Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)
  • Virya: Sita (Cooling)
  • Vipaka (transformed state after digestion): Katu (Pungent)
  • Action: Kapha-pittahar

Go-Ghrita ( Ghrita)

  • Rasa (taste on tongue): Madhura
  • Guna (Pharmacological Action): Snigdha (Unctuous)
  • Virya: Sita (Cooling)
  • Vipaka (transformed state after digestion): Madhura (Sweet)
  • Action: Vata-pitta Shamak

Go-mutra (Cow’s urine)

  • Rasa (taste on tongue): Katu (Pungent), Lavan (Saline)
  • Guna (Pharmacological Action): Laghu (Light), Tikshna (Sharp), Ruksha (Dry)
  • Virya: Ushna (Heating)
  • Vipaka (transformed state after digestion): Katu (Pungent)
  • Action: Kapha-vata shamak, Pittakar.

Benefits of Panchagavya Ghrita

  • It protects liver and indicated in Kamala (Jaundice).
  • It is anti-convulsing (prevent or reduce the severity of epileptic fits or other convulsions) properties.
  • It is beneficial in visham jwar (malaria, typhoid), swelling in hands and feet.
  • It has Nootropic activity (substance that enhances cognition and memory and facilitates learning).
  • It detoxify body.
  • It cleanses channels.
  • It has tridosh nashak properties.
  • It is especially indicated in psychogenic and neurogenic disorders such as Apasmara (Epilepsy), Unmada (Mania/Psychosis).
  • It contains cow ghee, cow milk and cow urine which possess intellect and memory enhancing, rejuvenating and aphrodisiac activities.
  • It is very nutritious.
  • It cures internal dryness.
  • It improves weight, luster, and digestion.
  • It gives relief from constipation.
  • It gives strength to brain, nerves, eyes, rectum and other body organs.
  • It balance Pitta and Vata disorder.
  • It nourishes gastrointestinal mucosa, lubricates it, enhances the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins and strengthens the colonic flora of useful microbes.

Uses of Panchagavya Ghrita

  • Apasmara (Epilepsy: Chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures)
  • Unmada (Insanity)
  • Kamala (Jaundice)
  • Vishamajvara (malaria/typhoid)
  • As adjuvant in Dementia, Depression and Alzheimer diseases
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder

Dosage of Panchagavya Ghrita

The recommended dosage of Panchagavya Ghrita is 5g to 12g after meal, twice a day. It should be taken with hot milk or hot water. Or take as directed by physician.

Please note, the doses of Ayurvedic medicines are not fixed. Exact dose depends on the age, strength, digestive power of the patient, the nature of the illness, the state of the viscera and humours, and the properties of individual drugs.

In Research

A study was done to investigate the hepatoprotective activity of Panchagavya Ghrita against CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity. This study concluded, Treatment with Panchagavya Ghrita significantly reduced the CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity. A comparative histological study of liver from different groups further confirmed the hepatoprotective activity of Panchagavya Ghrita.

A study was carried out to assess Nootropic activity of Panchagavya Ghrita in animal models. The study concluded Nootropic activity of Panchagavya Ghrita. The result indicates it might be helpful to treat cognitive disabilities such as amnesia, dementia etc and can be used as an adjuvant drug.

A study done on rats, shows Panchagavya Ghrita has anticonvulsant activity. Anticonvulsants are drugs that prevent or reduce the severity and frequency of seizures in various types of epilepsy. The different types of anticonvulsants may act on different receptors in the brain and have different modes of action.


You can buy this medicine online or from medical stores.

This medicine is manufactured by AVP (Panhagavya Gritham), Arya Vaidya Sala (Panchagavya Ghritam), Atharv's (Panchagavya Ghritam), Vaidyaratnam (Panchagavyam Ghrutham), Nisarg (Panchagavya Ghrita), Nagarjuna (Panchagavya Ghrutham), and many other Ayurvedic pharmacies.


  1. Hepatoprotective activity of Panchagavya Ghrita against Carbontetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in rats G.S. ACHLIYA, N.R. KOTAGALE, S.G. WADODKAR, A.K. DORLE;Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagpur University Campus, Amravati Road, NagpurIndian Journal of Pharmacology 2003;
  2. Assessment of Nootropic Activity of Panchagavya Ghrita in Animal Models
  3. Pandey A, Pawar M.S. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 5, Issue 8, August 2015;
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