To enhance the therapeutic property of Vidhara roots, they are given Bhavana of Satmuli juice (Ashtang Sangraha). For this purpose, the powdered roots are soaked seven times during seven days in the juice of the tubers of Asparagus racemosus (Satamuli). This is dried and ground to make powder. The powder is given in doses of a 4-10 gram with ghee for a month. This powder is alterative and nervine tonic and gives relief in diseases of nervous system, joint pain and rheumatism. The intake of this powder improve the intellect, gives strength and have anti-aging effect.
The seeds lowers blood pressure and gives relief in spasm. But in excess cause hallucination. The leaves are applied topically on ringworm, eczema, boils, swellings due to rubefacient (dilates capillaries and an increase in blood circulation) property.
The botanical name of Vidhara is Argyreia nervosa. It belongs to plant family Convolvulaceae. Below is given taxonomical classification of plant.
- Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
- Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
- Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
- Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
- Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
- Subclass: Asteridae
- Order: Solanales
- Family: Convolvulaceae – Morning-glory family
- Genus: Argyreia Lour. – argyreia
- Species: Argyreia nervosa (Burm. f.) Bojer – elephant creeper
- Argyreia speciosa (Burm. f.) Bojer
- Convolvulus nervosus Burm. f.
- Convolvulus speciosus L. f.
- Rivea nervosa (Burm. f.) Hallier f.
Part(s) used for medicinal purpose: Leaves, root, seeds
Distribution: Found all over India, ascending to 300 m.
Growth Habit: herb, Climber
- Latin name: Argyreia nervosa, Argyreia speciosa
- Ayurvedic: Vriddhadaruka, Vriddhadaru, Vriddhadaraka, Bastantri, Sthavira, Sthaviradaru, Atarunadaru, Samudrashosha
- Unani: Samunder sokh
- Siddha: Ambgar, Samuddirapacchai
- Folk: Bidhara
- Sanskrit: Vridhadaru, Antaha Kotarapushpi, Chagalantri
- Bengali: Bijataadaka, Bridhadarak
- English: Elephant Creeper
- Gujrati: Samudara Sosha, Varadhaaro, Shamadrasosh
- Hindi: Samandar-kaa-paat, Samundarsosh, Ghaavapattaa, Vidhaaraa
- Kannada: Samudrapala, Samudraballi
- Malayalam: Samudra Pacchha, Samudra-Pala, Marikkunn Marututari
- Marathi: Samudrashok
- Tamil: Samudrappachai
- Telugu: Samudrapaala
- Urdu: Samandarotha
Constituents of Vidhara (Argyreia speciosa)
The seeds contain hallucinogenic ergoline (ergine and isoergine) alkaloids. When taken in excess they can cause hangover, with blurred vision, constipation, inertia, nausea, and vertigo. Leaves contain sitosterol.
Ayurvedic Properties and Action of Vidhara Roots
The roots of plant are considered tonic and alterative in Ayurveda. They are hot in potency. They are given to treat rheumatic affections and diseases of the nervous system.
- Rasa (taste on tongue): Kashaya (Astringent), Katu (Pungent), Tikta (Bitter)
- Guna (Pharmacological Action): Laghu (Light), Sara (unsatable)
- Virya: Ushna (Heating)
- Vipaka (transformed state after digestion): Katu (Pungent)
Karma: Balya, Adhobhagahara, Agnikara, Asthisandhana Kari, Ayurvridhikara, Kantikara, Kanthya, Kaphavatahara, Medhya, Rasayana, Rucya, Svarya, Vrishya, Vishaghna
Therapeutic uses of Roots: shula, shopha, Apasmara, Arsha, Aruci, Amavata, Anaha, Graharbadha, Gulma, Hridruja, Kasa, Krimi, Mutrakrcha, Meha, Pandu, Raktapitta, Udavarta, Udara, Unmada, Vatarakta, Visuci, Vataruja, Vatarsha, Svayathu, Kshaya, Pratitum, shlipada
Dosage of root powder for medicinal purpose: 3-5 grams.
Medicinal Uses of Vidhara
Vidhara is a medicinal plant with tonic, rejuvenative, anti-ageing, spermatogenic, and aphrodisiac properties. The medicated ghee prepared by boiling roots of Vidhara in Desi Ghee has excellent aphrodisiac properties and improves fertility. The root powder with sour gruel is prescribed for filaria (Shleepad).
The leaves of plant prevent or relieve inflammation. The application of under surface of leaves helps in quicker healing of boils. The leaves has antibacterial, antifungal properties and applied on daad, fungal infections and wounds.
Cut, Wounds And Swelling:
- Take few leaves ,warm them and tie at affected area with help of cloth.
- Vidhara is very effective in Gangrene. To treat it wash the Gangrene affected area with juice of vidhara leaves.
- Soak cotton in leaves juice and place on wounds.
- Take warm leaves, cow ghee in small amount and with help of cloth tie at affected area for 10-12 hrs. After that change and again do the same.
- Do it for few days.
- Take leaves, grind to extract juice and apply at affected areas.
Ulcer, colitis, Internal bleeding and bleeding due to any reason:
- Take 2-3 leaves of vidhara. Clean properly and grind to extract juice.
- Mix this in lukewarm cup of water.
- Add misri or sugar candy if not diabetic and drink regularly.
Take 5 gm root powder with old Gur / jaggery twice a day for one week.
The upper surface of leaves is warmed, simmered with butter and tied locally on tumor. The tumor (cyst) will burst and healing will start. If leaves are tied from its lower surface than tumor will be suppressed inside the body.